313240214-Elements-of-Chemistry-Lavoisier_0173.pdf - The Project Gutenberg eBook of Elements of Chemistry by Mr Lavoisier nothing flies off into the

313240214-Elements-of-Chemistry-Lavoisier_0173.pdf - The...

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08/08/2015 The Project Gutenberg eBook of Elements of Chemistry, by Mr Lavoisier. 173/229 nothing flies off into the surrounding air during the process, the metal acquires additional weight; but the cause of this increased weight during oxydation could never have been discovered by means of experiments performed in free air; and it is only since these operations have been performed in close vessels, and in determinate quantities of air, that any just conjectures have been formed concerning the cause of this phenomenon. The first method for this purpose is due to Dr Priestley, who exposes the metal to be calcined in a porcelain cup N, Pl. IV. Fig. 11. placed upon the stand IK, under a jar A, in the bason BCDE, full of water; the water is made to rise up to GH, by sucking out the air with a syphon, and the focus of a burning glass is made to fall upon the metal. In a few minutes the oxydation takes place, a part of the oxygen contained in the air combines with the metal, and a proportional diminution of the volume of air is produced; what remains is nothing more than azotic gas, still however mixed with a small quantity of oxygen gas. I have given an account of a series of experiments made with this apparatus
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