Science___Research_ - IDEAS NUMBERS SCIENTIFIC...

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Science and Research Science and Research
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Figure 1 Traditional Triumvirate of Values and Science TRUTH BEAUTY GOODNESS empirical adequacy precision generality simplicity symmetry coherence respect for experimental subjects responsive to utilitarian needs of society a politically progressive ideology?
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Figure 2 Traditional View of Process of Scientific Inquiry Context of DISCOVERY Context of JUSTIFICATION Choose Research Problem Formulate Hypothesis (Research Program) Devise Empirical Tests Criticize, Revise, Publish Context of APPLICATION Technology Patents Policy
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SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH/THEORY-TESTING THEORY IDEAS Entities (Levels of Analysis) DATA NUMBERS Measures and Operationalizations Samples and Subjects THEORY-DATA ALIGNMENT
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Unformatted text preview: IDEAS NUMBERS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH/THEORY-TESTING BASIC CONCEPTS DATA THEORY THEORY DATA DEDUCTION (How Theories are Formulated) INDUCTION (How Data are Analyzed) INFERENCE: THEORY-DATA ALIGNMENT (How Conclusions are Drawn About Theory and Data) THEORY DATA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INTERPLAY OF THEORY AND DATA Theory 1 Theory 2 Data 1 DEDUCTION INDUCTION DEDUCTION INDUCTION DEDUCTION Theory 2 Theory 3 Data 2 Theory 3 Theory 4 Data 3 INFERENCE INFERENCE TIME RESEARCH-BASED DECISIONS Research Information Decisions Symptoms of Problems Decisions Models/Theories Data Evaluation & Monitoring Problem Definition Research Design Interpretation & Communication Induction Deduction Inference...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course SCHOOL OF 101 taught by Professor Abc during the Fall '11 term at Binghamton University.

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Science___Research_ - IDEAS NUMBERS SCIENTIFIC...

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