Discussion Forum Questions.docx - 1 Other disorders that are included in the broader definition of neurodevelopmental disorders can include genetic and

Discussion Forum Questions.docx - 1 Other disorders that...

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1. Other disorders that are included in the broader definition of neurodevelopmental disorders can include genetic and neurological conditions, such as epilepsy, Down syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, etc. Do you think these should be included as neurodevelopmental disorders or as a separate category of disorders and why? 2. What do you think about the changes from DSM-IV to 5? Do you like the classifications in 5 better or do you like IV or some combination? What is better and what it worse do you think with 5 compared to IV? Do you think ASD seems like 1 single disorder or multiple disorders? If multiple, how would you separate or define them? Do you think other behaviors/characteristics should be included in the diagnostic criteria that are not and if so, what and why? 3. I talked about some ways of assessing behaviors’ characteristic of ASD in order to diagnose it, can you think of any other ways that these behaviors could be assessed in order to give a diagnosis? Why do you think that it is important to use a tool like the ADOS, or do you think it is? If not, what would you use instead? What are some potential problems/weaknesses of the ADOS? How do you think screenings should be used? For example, should everyone be screened or if not, how do you determine who should be screened? Which kind of screening do you think would be most helpful, for example an autism specific one or a more general screening and why? 4. Do you think there are actual differences in prevalence of ASD based on racial/ethnic differences or on socio-economic status or do you think any differences are based on diagnostic biases and why? What about for boys and girls –are there actual differences in rate or is this a diagnosing bias (or a combination) and why? Do you think that ASD is really becoming more common or are we just diagnosing it more? Why or why not? What other factors might account for the increased number of people being diagnosed? The belief that autism is on the rise is a common misconception. It has been found that more ASD studies have been conducted, and we know more about it than we did in the past, which leads people to believe that there are more cases of ASD. The truth is, many cases went undiagnosed previously. Another factor is that our definition of autism is constantly changing over the years,
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increasing the number of diagnoses. Even popular websites that are typically trustworthy, like WebMD, have incorrectly suggested that autism rates have increased. 5. I talked about infant sibling studies and briefly some of the advantages and disadvantages of this type of study. Can you think of any other advantages or disadvantages of this type of study? Can you think of other ways of studying the early signs of ASD?
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  • Fall '15
  • Tourette syndrome, Tic disorder

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