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HD test 1 study guide

HD test 1 study guide - Chapter 1 Three developmental...

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Chapter 1 Three developmental domains Physical development-growth & change in a person’s body & bodily functions. Impacts of illness, nutrition, health Cognitive development-mental processes used to process info, solve problems etc. Study of brain functioning, perception, memory, learning, thinking, language Social-emotional development-processes related to interactions w/other people. Maturation-series of preprogrammed transformations (form, structure, or function) Ex: Puberty, diet/exercise, stress Environment plays large role in development Learning-changes that occur as a result of observation, experience, instruction, practice Effect attitude, behavior Influences the process by which children become members of a social group, family, community (socialization) Nature v. Nurture Nurture-Environmental factors control child development (Victor, the wild boy) Human contact, home life, family, weight.
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Nature-Biological/genetic factors influence child development (girls missing right cortex) Genetics, biology, height. We understand now that these two factors work together to influence development. Tease out these roles by studying twins. MZ & DZ twins: If a specific characteristic has a strong environmental component & a weak genetic component, MZ twins will be no more alike than DZ twins. Shared environments play a stronger role in intelligence w/MZ twins, Genetics plays a stronger role in personality in MZ twins Interactions between the two: Genes may influence exposure & susceptibility to different kinds of environments e.g. Children who are genetically predisposed to be active will search out peers who are active, thereby affecting their development by changing their environment. Continuous-slow & steady pattern of growth (Quantitative) development of vocab. Discontinuous-different stages of growth, step-like (Qualitative) transition from crawling to walking. Early-sensitive (optimal times for development, but not defined as necessary) & critical (periods during which a specific stimuli has the greatest impact on development) periods that could affect development. If things don’t happen according to plan they believe the first 2 years are crucial to caregiver. Individual Differences As soon as children are born, differences among them are noticeable. Individual differences tend to be consistent. Not everyone is the same
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HD test 1 study guide - Chapter 1 Three developmental...

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