State and explain the key claims of Cartesian dualism. Explain the problem of interaction for
Cartesian dualism and explain Descartes' response to this problem. Briefly outline a problem
with Descartes’ response.
Cartesian dualism is a philosophical concept that Descartes came up with in the 17
which claims that our minds and bodies are separate and distinct matters but happen to be
closely related in human beings (
, chapter 2, section 3.1). Based on Descartes’
concept, a person is composed of a mind and a body and in principle, both could exist
independently but both also causally influence each other in some way (
2, section 3.1).
There are three arguments that Descartes used to form his concept. First, we can doubt the
existence of our body but we can’t doubt the existence of our mind. For example: you can
doubt whether you really have a body or you only have a brain left and everything around