Fungal Diversity1 - Fungal Diversity BIOL 1407 Fungal...

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Fungal Diversity BIOL 1407
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Fungal Classification Traditionally based on: Sexual spore- producing structures Hyphal characteristics Molecular evidence
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Deuteromycota ≠ Clade Imperfect Fungi In past, could not classify No sexual structures produced Molecular data should do away with this informal group
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Chytridiomycota Chytrids Basal group Unicellular to simple mycelium- forming Photo Credit of distinctive two-part rhizoid system of Cladochytrium , 2001, D. J. Patterson and Mark Farmer @ tolweb.org/Chytridiomycota/20517
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Chytrids Flagellated spores Mostly aquatic Only modern fungal group with flagella
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Zygomycota Coenocytic hyphae Ex: Rhizopus, Pilobolus Video Clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1KoKDCwJOJQ Another view for fun: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrKJAojmB1Y
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Zygomycota “Zygote Fungi” Sexual spore- producing structure: Zygosporangium
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Zygomycota In zygosporangium: Heterokaryon Karyogamy Diploid zygote Meiosis
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Zygomycota Asexual spore- producing structure: Sporangium
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Glomerulomycota Endomycorrhizae Arbuscules within plant root cells
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A Mycorrhizae
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Ascomycota Septate hyphae with pores Examples: Penicillium, Aspergillus, Saccharomyces
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Fungal Diversity1 - Fungal Diversity BIOL 1407 Fungal...

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