After age 1, growth rate slows, but long bones lengthen, muscles increase.
Appetite decreases after first year. Growth increases demand for all nutrients and they
need to store nutrients for big growth spurt during teen years.
If child skips breakfast or chooses only sugary foods, the child will not get enough
nutrients and this cannot be made up at lunch or dinner.
4. A child cannot be trusted to choose nutritious foods on the basis of taste
5. Children should stop eating when they feel full. Mealtime should be
To promote vegetable eating, serve slightly undercooked, crunchy, bright colored,
vegetables served separately and easy to eat. Let them pick up food. Serve food warm
and mild flavor. Child's mouth is more sensitive than adults and they have more flavor
Iron deficiency is the most widespread nutrition problem of children and expresses itself
in abnormalities of both physical health and behavior.
A lack of iron causes fatigue, lowering of attention span and ability to learn, and affects
behavior, mood, attention span and learning ability.
Be aware of problems with lead poisoning when children are putting everything,
including paint chips, in their mouths. They are slow to grow, have learning disabilities,
irritability, diarrhea, lethargy. Lead poisoning is the worst environmental threat to
A true food allergy occurs when a whole food protein or large molecule enters the body
tissues. The body's immune system reacts by producing antibodies or histamine. The
foods most often causing
allergic reactions (91% caused by 4 foods) are
nuts, eggs, milk,
Hyperactivity is not caused by poor nutrition but may reflect genetics, poor management
of the child or other causes. Parents should limit child's caffeine intake to prevent
tension-fatigue syndrome. Two cola drinks for a 60 lb child are equivalent to 8 cups of
coffee for a 175 lb man.
TV advertising of sugary foods promotes consumption and tooth decay and can
contribute to obesity through lack of exercise and over consumption of snacks.
Children who eat no breakfast can not concentrate, attention spans are short and show
lower IQ on testing.