ELECTROLYTES+

ELECTROLYTES+ - 1 ELECTROLYTES SODIUM Functions 1.

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ELECTROLYTES   SODIUM Functions 1.  Maintains normal fluid balance 2.  Maintains acid-base balance in the body 3.  Needed for  nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction 4.  The sodium ion is the major positively charged ion outside the cell. Absorption and utilization 1.  Kidneys regulate the body content of sodium under hormonal control. 2.   Sodium is easily absorbed from the intestinal tract and then goes through the  blood stream to the kidney which filters out the sodium and returns the needed  amount to the blood. 3.  Between 30-40% of the body's sodium is stored on the surface of bone crystals  where it can be easily used if the blood level drops. Sources 1.  Sodium is the positive ion in the compound  sodium chloride (table salt) .  1 tsp  salt (5.5 grams) contains about 2000 mg of sodium. 2.  Only 10% of  salt intake comes from natural content of foods, 15% is from salt  75% from salt added during processing and 
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course HEALTH 225 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Syracuse.

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ELECTROLYTES+ - 1 ELECTROLYTES SODIUM Functions 1.

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