Research Method

Research Method - Lecture 2 Research Methods I Chapter 2:...

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Lecture 2 Research Methods I Chapter 2: Clues to Personality Data - Need to be interpreted – mean anything about the person or the phenomena that we are studying. Data are clues – Four types/sources of data – “S” data – “I” data – “L” data- “B” data - “S” Data – Self-Judgments I AM… “S” Data are Asking individuals directly Can be closed or open ended – Closed I am outgoing. (T / F) On a scale from 1-10 How Shy are you? 1 (not all shy)……5…. .10 (very shy) Open I Am… What are your goals? Advantages Best Expert – Who knows you better than you? - Causal Force - …How we think about the self- creates who we are!
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Self-verification (Swann & Ely, 1984) – Simple and Easy and Direct No interpretation is needed Disadvantages Won’t tell you – OR may oversell the self Can’t tell you –not always good at introspection. imperfect memory “Fish and water” (Kohler, et al., 1996) – Too simple and easy “I” Data – Informant Data Ask someone who knows the individual well – Real world Advantages Large amount of information – Real-World Basis – Common Sense – Causal Force – Behavioral confirmation
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Attractive vs. Unattractive Women Study Disadvantages Limited amount of information – Error – Extreme Events Bias – BFF vs. Rival? “L” Data - Life Outcomes Data Data from life that might tell us something about personality Considered the results of a personality. Examples of life data = marital status, police record,
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Research Method - Lecture 2 Research Methods I Chapter 2:...

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