Groups - Groups_Outline 1 Outlines: Groups What is a group?...

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Groups_Outline 1 Outlines: Groups What is a group? Nonsocial groups or minimal groups Same place at the same time Social Groups Interacting and interdependent Identify with each other Nonsocial Groups: The mere presence of others - 3 processes 1.) Social Facilitation The arousal that results when other people are present and individual performance can be evaluated Triplett (1887) – others enhance performance Meumann (1904) – others impair performance SO WHICH IS IT? Good or Bad: depends on the task Zajonce (1966) Presence of others: Enhances performance on __________ tasks Impairs performance on __________new tasks Why does the presence others causes arousal? Makes us more alert Evaluation Apprehension Others distract us 2.) Social Loafing The relaxation that results when people are in a group and their individual performances cannot be evaluated Impairs performance on ____________ tasks Enhances performance on ___________ tasks
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Groups_Outline 2 Social Facilitation vs. Social Loafing If performance is individually evaluated, then social facilitation If performance is a group evaluation, then social loafing 3.) Deindividuation Getting lost in the crowd The feeling of anonymity and reduced sense of ourselves as individuals
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course PSY 274 taught by Professor Newman during the Fall '08 term at Syracuse.

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Groups - Groups_Outline 1 Outlines: Groups What is a group?...

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