375.Lec8Fall2011.StudentPDF

375.Lec8Fall2011.StudentPDF - 8. 375 Environment as...

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1 8. 375 Environment as reflection of “self” “The Boxer”… Paul Simon “Self” as reflected in our view of the external world See what we want see… Cognitive Appraisal • Mediates between sensory input and behavioral output • Manipulation/interpretation of information • Consider “disgust”: culture and food tastes • Hate crime (Psychology 201): all that changed was the construal • Cognitive construals and theories are extremely powerful. Often reflect our “selves” but perceived as external “reality”, “real”, and “immediate”
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2 Sample of Three Cognitive-Based Theories of Personality via Relationship to Environment • Locus of control • Attributional style and “pessimism” vs “optimism” • Human agency and self-efficacy: at interface of cognitive and social theories of personality LOC-Rotter • Theory about social reinforcement and causality • Two sources of reinforcement A. Internal: (1) my behavior and/or (2) my characteristics B. External: (1) luck, (2) powerful others,
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375.Lec8Fall2011.StudentPDF - 8. 375 Environment as...

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