ISS 2-14-2011 - • Modern Hunter-Gatherer shell beads made...

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ISS 2-14-2011 13:26 H. Neaderthalessis: Cranial vault is low and long Brand shape is low and long protruding into an occipital bun Massive brow ridge Neanderthals Buried their dead o Disposal due to clutter??? o Found beds of flowers with deceased o No “grave goods” to suggest belief in afterlife Lived in caves Humans vs. Neanderthal Neanderthal joints are larger Bones are thick walled and strong Shoulder blades suggest strong upper body muscles. Homo sapiens idaltu (“elder”) Discovered by Tim White in 1996 at Herto, Ethiopia. Dated 160,000 years ago and is a better candidate for Homo Sapiens Supports the “Out of Africa” hypothesis Quafzeh 9 93,000 year old site at Jebel-Qafzeh Sites contain Mousterian tools, a suggestion of burials, but no existence of  symbolic activity,
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Co-existed with Neaderthals Blombos Cave, South Africa 75,000 year old ochre plaques engraved with geometric designs.
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Unformatted text preview: • Modern Hunter-Gatherer shell beads, made from snail shells. Homo Sapiens become a dangerous competitor • Coexistence between Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens in the Levant from 100,000 to 40,000. • Symbol-equipped H. Spaiens arrive in Europe 40,000 years ago, and by 27,000 years, Neanderthals are gone. o Ethnic Cleansing, Interbred, Out competed for food? Ecological Collapse: 40,000 years • A “Volcanic Winter” caused by eruptions across Europe led to ecological collapse due to rapid environmental deterioration • Neanderthals were concentrated in Asia and Europe, and were directly affected by events, their lineage died out H. Habilis (1.8 mill) – H. Erectus (500,000)– H. Sapiens (Archaic, 100,000) – H. Sapiens (Modern, 50,000) • 2 Models: Replacement Model, Regional Continuity Model 13:26 13:26...
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ISS 2-14-2011 - • Modern Hunter-Gatherer shell beads made...

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