ISS 2-23-2011 - ISS2232011 12:59...

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ISS 2-23-2011 12:59 Phones:  The smallest units of sound used in speech Vowels are the smooth flow of sounds in language, shaped by the position of  the tongue, lips and pharynx Consonants break up the flow of the sounds we call vowels o Apes cannot form consonants, and humans cannot understand speech  without them. Phonemes:  The smallest units of contrastive sounds that convey information  in a language. Morphemes:  The smallest units of sounds that convey meaning. o Some are free o Bound Morphemes must be used with other morphemes (the s in cats) Syntax:  A grammatical code to help you string words together. Mammals, non-human primates, and human infants have short pharynx and flat  skull bases. A short pharynx has a limited ability to manipulate air rising from the larynx. Foxp2 switches other genes on and off making fine movement of the mouth and 
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course ISS 210 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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ISS 2-23-2011 - ISS2232011 12:59...

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