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The Brain - The Brain Ebony Cook PSY/240 Carol Watson When...

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The Brain Ebony Cook PSY/240 09/18/2011 Carol Watson When it comes to the structure of the brain, there are five major divisions. These factors are known as the telecephalon (cerebral hemispheres), the diencephalon, mesencephalon (midbrain), metencephalon, and myelencephalon (medulla) (Pinel, 2009, p. 64). These structures
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2 make up the anatomy of the brain. These structures help with the many functions that you use in your everyday life. There are a variety of functions with in the forebrain. This includes learning a language, understanding certain information, and the thinking process. It also controls the motor functions as well. The diencephalon and the telencephalon are the two divisions located within the forebrain. There are many structures within the diencephalon such as the optic tracts, optic charisma, thalamus, hypothalamus, and posterior pituitary gland (Pinel, 2009, p. 67). These are to name just a few. The thalamus is a complex structure that processes all sensory input to the cortex. It also has a major influence on the motor functions as well. The functions of the thalamus are not very well understood. The hypothalamus exerts control over the pituitary glands and over endocrine functions as well (Pinel, 2009, p. 67). The hypothalamus has an extensive
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