NOTESJ310 - 8/28/08...

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8/28/08 Key questions explored through eight case studies: What’s the truth? How do we know what we know? What’s fair? What’s the right thing to do? 9/2/08 Journalism and citizenship Early “citizen journalists” Samuel Adams,  Journal of Occurrences Thomas Paine,  Common Sense Journalism: “facilitating citizenship” Journalism and community Longing for community Modern society as mass society -Everyone is isolated, fragmented, separated from any type of  community o Society 2.0 (fragmentation vs. polarization) o Social capital and social trust Understanding social capital o Bowling Alone by Robert D. Putnam o Social networks have value o Putnam: “refers to the collective value of all ‘ social networks ’ and the  inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each other” o People are not doing as many things in groups as they used to Measuring social capital o Community activity
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o Political engagement (voting) o Volunteerism -Young people are still contributing o Informal sociability -Meetings, sports, hanging out o Social trust Social capital and tolerance o Tolerance for different people Social capital and equality o The higher the capital, the higher the equality TV and social capital o The more TV you watch, the less social capital you will have The citizen part of social capital o Participation o Keeping informed: Media use Age and voting www.fairvote.org/turnout/youth_voters.htm Media and citizenship o Readership down o Trust and credibility down o Voting down o Is there a link between the state of journalism and the quality of  citizenship? New attitudes toward news Mainstream media under attack Increasing preference for greater transparency: assumptions, biases Admission of opinion 
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Declining loyalty News as continuous environment, not appointment Final word: journalism in transition Shifting boundaries of the profession Redefining the community(ies) -fragmented communities If journalism is the conversation of democracy, how well is it doing? 9/9/08 Needs vs. Wants What do people want to know? What do people need to know? It’s the people right to view/read what they want, but in the end needs will  overcome wants. Elites vs. Citizens Walter Lippman: provide quality information to elites who will lead -politics was too complicated for the average person, so train the elites  who will lead the country.  He called voters the “bewildered bird” John Dewey: citizens can and must be engaged broadly -it was absolutely necessary for citizens to be engaged politically or else  the decisions would be taken for them Youth and news Young people less likely to see the unique mission of journalism
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NOTESJ310 - 8/28/08...

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