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Unformatted text preview: 04.20.10 Urbanization - movement of people out or rural areas and into cities and towns.- Industrial Revolution. Prior to industrial - lived off land sheep shit, yarn, textiles, home based industries Industrial revolution started in 1750 in England, marked by invention of the steam engine, engine was applied first to textile industry.- with the invention of steam engine and textile people jobs got under cut couldnt support themselves so moved into cities (London, Liverpool) - Moving into urban center at really fast rates, never seen this level of migration Stats on a Global scale- 1975: 39% of Worlds population lived in urban centers- 2008: we crossed the 50% mark- By 2025, we will be at 63% worlds population will live in urban centers Urbanization is more advanced in developed nations USA, Japan, Korea, countries of European Union-In 2000 in developed nations 75% lived in urban centers-2008 in USA 81% -2030 of developed countries, projection will be 83% of population will live in cities. Developed world & developing worlds Presently 2008: 40% of population in developing countries lived in urban centers 2030: 56% of population Level of urbanization is higher in developed world But rate is faster in developing world - The populations in developed countries the birth rate has been at or slightly below replacement. - Developing is well above replacement II. Global Cities: refer to a very large urban center, that is headquarters to a large number of transnational corporations, as well as the service industries (business services these transnational corporations depend on) media, accounting services. (COMMAND HUB)- provide people with face to face interaction, brainstorm A. these cities for hierarcy, some cities called regional cities, At top: New York, Tokyo, London 3 top cities (main hubs for economy) Other cities: 2 nd tier cities: Hong Kong,, Singapore, Chicago, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Milan (Italy), Zurich(Switz), Osaka Newly emerging markets(regional cities): Madrid, Sao Paula, Moscow, Seoul (Korea), Jakarta, Buenos Aires. Interesting characteristics: - characterized by very high degrees of income inequality Socio political revolution 1 st factor: When extreme poverty gets juxtaposed we have relative deprivation: I feel deprived in relation to you. 2 nd factor: extreme: when people are living in close association with each other, its easier to share their discontent with other people. (discontent can spread) 3...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Spring '08