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Unformatted text preview: 04.20.10 Urbanization - movement of people out or rural areas and into cities and towns.- Industrial Revolution. Prior to industrial - lived off land – sheep shit, yarn, textiles, home based industries Industrial revolution – started in 1750 in England, marked by invention of the steam engine, engine was applied first to textile industry.- with the invention of steam engine and textile – people jobs got under cut – couldn’t support themselves – so moved into cities (London, Liverpool) - Moving into urban center – at really fast rates, never seen this level of migration Stats on a Global scale- 1975: 39% of World’s population lived in urban centers- 2008: we crossed the 50% mark- By 2025, we will be at 63% worlds population will live in urban centers Urbanization is more advanced in developed nations – USA, Japan, Korea, countries of European Union-In 2000 in developed nations 75% lived in urban centers-2008 in USA 81% -2030 of developed countries, projection will be 83% of population will live in cities. Developed world & developing worlds Presently 2008: 40% of population in developing countries lived in urban centers 2030: 56% of population Level of urbanization is higher in developed world But rate is faster in developing world - The populations in developed countries – the birth rate has been at or slightly below replacement. - Developing – is well above replacement II. Global Cities: refer to a very large urban center, that is headquarters to a large number of transnational corporations, as well as the service industries (business services these transnational corporations depend on) media, accounting services. (COMMAND HUB)- provide people with face to face interaction, brainstorm A. these cities for hierarcy, some cities called regional cities, At top: New York, Tokyo, London – 3 top cities (main hubs for economy) Other cities: 2 nd tier cities: Hong Kong,, Singapore, Chicago, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Milan (Italy), Zurich(Switz), Osaka Newly emerging markets(regional cities): Madrid, Sao Paula, Moscow, Seoul (Korea), Jakarta, Buenos Aires. Interesting characteristics: - characterized by very high degrees of income inequality Socio political revolution 1 st factor: When extreme poverty gets juxtaposed – we have relative deprivation: I feel deprived in relation to you. 2 nd factor: extreme: when people are living in close association with each other, its easier to share their discontent with other people. (discontent can spread) 3...
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- Spring '08