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Lecture VI Germany Fall10.printer friendly

Lecture VI Germany Fall10.printer friendly - The cool...

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Unformatted text preview: 9/28/2010 The cool climate wines of Austria and Germany What allows the grapes to ripen in this northerly marginal climate? Steep slopes which face south or southwest Slate in soil retains heat Trellising Techniques 1 9/28/2010 White Grapes: 70% Red Grapes: 30% Riesling Muller-Thurgau – also called Rivaner is a Riesling-Gutedel cross Silvaner -Pinot Noir Dornfelder Portugieser Kerner Trollinger Scheurebe Ruländer/Grauburgunder--Pinot Spätburgunder Gris Lemberger Gewürztraminer Weissburgunder –Pinot Blanc A little Chardonnay (1991) and SB AUSTRIAN WINES Please get ready to open your wine glass kits Varietal Labels but with confusing names and terms. VIDEO The Mosel Region Dr. Ernie Loosen Decanter Magazine’s Man of the Year in 2005 30% Exports Price range $10 -$150 http://www.winesfromaustria. com Austrian Wine Regions Steiermark (Styria) – Weststeiermark – Südsteiermark – Süd-Oststeiermark Burgenland (30%) – – – – Südburgenland Mittelburgenland Neusiedlersee-Hügelland Weinbaugebiet Neusiedlersee Niederösterreich – lower Austria (60%) – – – – – Carnuntum Weinviertel Kamptal Kremstal (Langenlois) Wachau (Steinfelder, Federspiel, Smaragd) – Traisental – Wagram – Thermenregion Vienna 2 9/28/2010 AUSTRIAN WINES Climate-Climate-- Continental Warmer & drier than Germany Dry & Sweet Wines – 70%White Wine Laws similar to Germany Austrian Austrian Wine categories Tafelwein Landwein - may be chaptalized -may not be chaptalized be Prädikatswein: (No sussreserve ) Prädikatswein: Spätlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Spätlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Trockenbeerenauslese Eiswein AUSTRIAN WINES History: 1800s Blended into German Wines 1980s Glycol Scandal 1990s Quality 2000s Trendy The special Wachau ripeness designations for their dry, always unchaptalized wines - less than 9 g/l residual sugar - are: Steinfeder – up to 11% alcohol, for early consumption consumption Qualitätswein Kabinett Taste Indicators Trocken (Dry): up to 9 g RS/l Extra trocken (Extra Dry): up to 4 g RS/l Halbtrocken (Semi Dry): up to 12 g RS/l Lieblich (Semi Sweet): up to 45 g RS/l. Süß (Sweet): more than 45 g RS/l. Federspiel – up to 12.5% alcohol Smaragd – dry wine for extended bottle maturation maturation above above 12.5% alcohol AUSTRIAN WHITE GRAPES Grüner Veltliner #1 (37%) Riesling (Excellent Wines) Welschriesling Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc) Müller-Thurgau MüllerInternational varietals: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc 3 9/28/2010 Grüner Veltliner The wine is typically dry and crisp and may show herbal, white pepper, spicy or sometimes vegetal (lentil) flavors. Most of the popular priced wines are best best drunk young. 2008 Sophie is 100% Grüner Grü fruit bouquet yields apple, peach and citrus aromas along with a typical Veltliner spiciness and a touch of white pepper. Austrian Wine Regions Steiermark (Styria) – Weststeiermark – Südsteiermark – Süd-Oststeiermark Burgenland (30%) – – – – Südburgenland Mittelburgenland Neusiedlersee-Hügelland Weinbaugebiet Neusiedlersee Niederösterreich – lower Austria (60%) – – – – – Carnuntum Weinviertel Kamptal Kremstal (Langenlois) Wachau (Steinfelder, Federspiel, Smaragd) – Traisental – Wagram – Thermenregion Vienna Austrian Producers to look for Producers F.X. Pichler, Rudi Pichler Weingartner Nigl, Weininger, Salomon Undhoff Jamek, Knoll, Kracher Knoll Kracher Heinrich Bründlmayer, Loimer Prager AUSTRIAN RED GRAPES Zweigelt (Blaufrankisch X St.-Laurent)St.-Laurent)red (tart) cherry, berries and spice. Easy drinking wine soft tannin. Blaufrankisch-blackberry, cherry, cinnamon cinnamon spice, more structure more St.-Laurent - dark fruits and prune, beet St.root, dark chocolate notes Blauburgunder =Pinot Noir Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah Austria's most popular red wine variety Zweigelt developed in 1922, at the Federal Institute for Viticulture, by Fritz Zweigelt. Zweigelt. Blaufränkisch X St. Laurent. St Laurent 4 9/28/2010 Germany’s wine regions p12 Rhienhessen (1) Pflaz (2) Baden (3) Wurttemberg (4) Mosel-Saar-Ruwer (5) Franken (6) Nahe (7) (7) Rheingau (8) Saale-Unstrut (9) Ahr (10) Mitterlrhein (11) Hessische Bergstrasse (12) Sachsen (13) German Wine regulations Chaptalization –allowed up to the QbA level. All wines can be fermented dry dry and adjusted by adding sweet reserve (Süssreserve) (Sü •Trocken- Dry less than 9 grams/liter residual sugar. Acid must be 2 grams higher than residual sugar. •Halbtrocken- Off dry Up to 18 grams/liter residual sugar. Sussreserve –sweet reserve 5 9/28/2010 Pfalz German Wine Label Terms •Germany’s 2nd largest wine producing region WeingutWeingut- •Area: 23,357 hectare (57,000 acres) under vine Weinkelleri Wine producing estate –blender WinzergenossenschaftWinzergenossenschaftWinegrowers’ co-op cellar co Gutsabfüllung – Grower/Producer estate bottled Erzeurgerabfüllung- cooperative Erzeurgerabfüllung(estate bottled) Abfüller – bottler/shipper •Soil type: loam and weathered limestone •Wine style: round, full-bodied, and aromatic Rheinhessen Largest production region in Germany......home of Liebfraumilch Easy, fruity wines Softer, with less acidity Best sites, like the "Rheinfront" area "Rheinfront" around Nierstein and Nackenheim. Nackenheim. The Riesling aroma Unripe: stems, grass, gooseberry, green apple, blackcurrant Ripe: ripe apple, quince, honey, orange peel, peach Very ripe: apricot, pineapple, mango, passion fruit, guava Botrytis:almondes, marzipan, honey, dried apricot, mushrooms spice, raisins. Eiswein: rhubarb, lemon, fresh pinapple, honey, baked apple, marmalade. Bottle age:lanolin, honey, petrol, kerosene, sherry 6 9/28/2010 Mosel-Saar-Ruwer •Located along the Mosel and two of it’s tributaries: the Saar and the Ruwer Mosel-SaarMosel-Saar-Ruwer •Area:9,800 hectare (24,000 acres) under vine delicate and mineral, elegance very pale colour lower in alcohol piercing aroma, floral, citrus notes intense slatey minerality, usually some RS Crisp lively acidity •Soil type: Slate covered slopes •Wine style: light bodied with flavors ranging from fruity to “flintly”, sometimes slightly effervescent The Markus Molitor winery currently holds 38 hectares of vineyard, of which 4.5 hectares are in the Saar region, making it the largest winery on the Middle Mosel. All the attention is focused exclusively on three noble grape varieties traditionally associated with the Mosel – 95% Riesling, 3% Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir) and 2% Weißburgunder (Pinot Blanc). $11.50 In 2000 New Designations introduced for Dry Wines “CLASSIC” “SELECTION” Dry style wines typical of their region: region: Dry style wines from an individual/single site Reduced Reduced yields 60hl/ha and and Min 12.2% alcohol Baden Riesling Selection +Vineyard Page 31 Pfalz Silvaner Classic Page 30 7 9/28/2010 Nahe • • • • Spicy, racy wines with excellent acidity Rocky areas produce mineral-like flavors Somewhere between Mosel and Rheingau in body Some of the most reliable wines in Germany for food Rheingau Riesling Less racy acidity than Mosel More alcohol, still light Slightly deeper color than the Mosel More floral and spicy fruit Less minerally than Mosel VDP Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter Proposed three different quality designations to be used by their members. GUNDERLOCH GUNDERLOCH Riesling Beerenauslese VDP Classification Top level wines: “Great Growths” Erste Lage (Mosel-Saar-Ruwer) (Mosel-Saar-Ruwer) Erstes Gewächs (Rhinegau) Rhinegau) Grosses Gewächs (other regions) Gewächs Lusciously Sweet wines (BA, TBA, Eiswein) Eiswein) Wines produced from the very best vineyards. Maximum yields of 50 hl/ha Minimum must weight of a Spätlese. Spätlese. Rheinhessen Nackenheim Rothenberg 2002 (95 points, $195/375ml) Intense. A (95 deep golden color marks this BA, whose spice and earth aromas and candied orange orange and caramel notes get support from the vivid acidity. Very much like an eiswein in character. Fine lingering finish. Drink now through 2018. 30 cases imported. From Germany. --Bruce Sanderson WINE SPECTATOR --Bruce 8 9/28/2010 TROCKEN-BEERENTROCKEN-BEEREN-AUSLESE 1 person picking all day will only yield enough grapes to produce 7 to 8 bottles of wine If vineyard is picked for TBA it yields only 10% of the wine which would be made if the grapes were picked at the Kabinett level Note on next week You will not need to bring your glass kits next week. We do not have a tasting. 9 ...
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