S. Hem.Aust. N. Zealand. S Africa.fall10

S. Hem.Aust. N. Zealand. S Africa.fall10 - HAdm 4430...

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HAdm 4430 Introduction to Wines- Southern Hemisphere I SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE WINE REGIONS Southern Hemisphere Countries offer some of the best wine values! How Do They Do It? Generally favorable climates Low land cost Low labor cost High yields Machine harvested Liberal wine laws International varietals Easy to understand varietal labels Consumer friendly prices NEW ZEALAND (#8 Import into the US) Map of North and South Island Wine Regions of New Zealand
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Southern Hemisphere Wine Regions Page 2 Location: Close to the 50 th Parallel in the Southern Hemisphere. New Zealand grows the world’s most southerly grapes. Climate: cool with plenty of rainfall. Significantly warmer in the North Island. History: while the first grapes were grown by missionaries in the early 1800’s and the first record of commercial wine being made by a British settler is in 1836, phylloxera and a New Zealand Temperance movement set the wine industry back in the early 1900’s. Low quality hybrids dominated until the late 1970’s. The move to quality and international recognition really took place within the past 15 years. New Zealand’s cooler climate makes for crisper whites and leaner reds. NZ is best known for Sauvignon Blanc. Pinot Noir is its most important red wine. The Central Otago area of the South Island is the world’s most southerly wine region. Central Otago producers have focused on Pinot Noir. New Zealand is the smallest of the four major Southern Hemisphere regions discussed in this note with approximately 23 million cases (12 million exported) produced by 643 wineries. New Zealand wine regulations – 1975 WINZ Wine Institute of New Zealand.—formed to promote NZ wines abroad. There are very few restrictions on winemakers however. There are no restrictions on yields and winemakers have the right to acidify, deacidify, enrich and back blend their wines. Varietal labels require 75% of the grape variety stated in country but 85% for export to US and EU Website: www.nzwine.com
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Southern Hemisphere Wine Regions Page 3 AUSTRALIA: 5th in World Wine Production - #2 Import into the US AUSTRALIA History –1790s vinifera vines planted. In the 1800’s commercial viticulture progressed throughout Australia. Phylloxera infected the Victoria region and changed the focus of wine production from dry table
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S. Hem.Aust. N. Zealand. S Africa.fall10 - HAdm 4430...

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