The Special and General Theory of Relativity - A. Einstein

The Special and General Theory of Relativity - A. Einstein...

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RELATIVITY THE SPECIAL AND GENERAL THEORY ALBERT EINSTEIN
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RELATIVITY THE SPECIAL AND GENERAL THEORY BY ALBERT EINSTEIN, Ph.D. PROFESSOR OF PHYSICS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN TRANSLATED BY ROBERT W. LAWSON, D.Sc., F. Inst. P. UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD 1920 EDITION
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COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Book: Relativity : The Special and General Theory Author: Albert Einstein, 1879–1955 First published: 1920 This PDF file contains the text of the first English translation of Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie , published in 1920. (The index has not been included. A few misprints in the original text have been corrected. They are marked by footnotes enclosed in square brackets and signed “J.M.”) The original book is in the public domain in the United States. However, since Einstein died in 1955, it is still under copyright in most other countries, for example, those that use the life of the author + 50 years or life + 70 years for the duration of copyright. Readers outside the United States should check their own countries’ copyright laws to be certain they can legally download this ebook.
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v PREFACE HE present book is intended, as far as possible, to give an exact insight into the theory of Relativity to those readers who, from a general scientific and philosophical point of view, are interested in the theory, but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus 1 of theoretical physics. The work presumes a standard of education corresponding to that of a university matriculation examination, and, despite the shortness of the book, a fair amount of patience and force of will on the part of the reader. The author has spared himself no pains in his endeavour to present the main ideas in the simplest and most intelligible form, and on the whole, in the sequence and connection in which they actually originated. In the interest of clearness, it appeared to me inevitable that I should repeat myself frequently, without paying the slightest attention to the elegance of the presentation. I adhered scrupulously to the precept of that brilliant theoretical physicist, L. Boltzmann, according to whom matters of elegance ought to be left to the tailor and to the cobbler. I make no pretence of having withheld from the reader difficulties which are inherent to the subject. On the other hand, I have purposely treated the empirical physical foundations of the theory in a “step-motherly” fashion, so that readers unfamiliar with physics may not feel like the wanderer who was unable to see 1 The mathematical fundaments of the special theory of relativity are to be found in the original papers of H. A. Lorentz, A. Einstein, H. Minkowski published under the title Das Relativitätsprinzip (The Principle of Relativity) in B. G. Teubner’s collection of monographs Fortschritte der mathematischen Wissenschaften (Advances in the Mathematical Sciences), also in M. Laue’s exhaustive book Das Relativitäts prinzip —published by Friedr. Vieweg & Son, Braunschweig. The general theory of relativity, together with the necessary parts of the
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2011 for the course PHYS 222 taught by Professor Wade during the Spring '09 term at Edmonds Community College.

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The Special and General Theory of Relativity - A. Einstein...

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