An approach to co-construct sustainable development indicators in aquaculture

An approach to co-construct sustainable development indicators in aquaculture

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HFET 2010 Montpellier Proceedings AN APPROACH TO CO-CONSTRUCT SU ST AINABLE DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS IN AQUACULTURE) Rey-Valette H. (1), Clément O. (2), Aubin J. (2), Mathé S. (1), Chia E. (3), Legendre M. (4), Caruso D. (4), Mikolasek O. (3), Blancheton J-P. (5), Slembrouck J. (4), Baruthio A. (3), René F. (5), Levang P. (4), Morissens P. (3), Lazard J. (3) (1) LAMETA-UM1; (2) INRA; (3) ClRAD; (4) IRD; (5) Ifremer ABSTRACT: It cannot be said that aquaculture has ignored sustainable development (SD), judging by the number of standards, guides and indicators devoted to it, produced mainly under the aegis of international organizations such as FAO, The European Union and sorne NGOs. However, these continue to be perceived in large measure as constraints rather than as shared objectives by actors. Faced with this situation, which is not specific to aquaculture but on the contrary quite general regardless of sector, context or scale, the authors seek to propose a generic approach that through a collective process, i.e. a co-construction, promotes the implementation and appropriation of SD. What makes this approach original is not only the participatory nature of the construction, but also the regional nature of the approach which includes both aquaculture systems and their host area. It is based on a selection process that nests princip les, criteria and linking indicators to the actors' issues and representations, encourages their appropriation of both SD and the indicators produced. This approach is the fruit of fieldworks undertaken by a group of French researchers in partnership with teams of scientists and actors in France, in Europe and in Southern countries (Cameroon, Indonesia and Philippines). Aquaculture systems, representative of a broad range of farming systems and governance mechanisms, were studied. Designed in a form of an instruction manual that is as flexible as possible, the approach alternates various sequences in order to modulate the range and the involvement of stakeholders and to emphasise the collective learning process. In this paper, the authors first present the postulates which underlie the adaptive and participatory nature of the approach and then outline the linking phases. They conclude with sorne of the results obtained from the implementation of the method. INTRODUCTION Considered marginal compared with fisheries until the 1970s (except in China), aquaculture started to develop rapidly from the 1980s. With 66.750 million tonnes produced in 2006 (F AO, 2006), it now represents half of the aquatic resource production destined for human consumption (120 million tonnes) and tends to compete with fisheries production. lnitially, aquaculture created the hope of a technological, nutritional and economic blue revolution. The negative impacts of farming systems and their poorly-controlled intensification process on the environrnent and on local populations have tamished its image and led to several crises. Nonetheless, aquaculture development has also led to multiple innovations and adaptations, allowing it to
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course MVZ acuicultur taught by Professor Victoratencio during the Spring '11 term at Universidad de Córdoba.

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An approach to co-construct sustainable development indicators in aquaculture

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