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Management Ch. 8 Outline

Management Ch. 8 Outline - M anagement Chapter 8...

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Management: Chapter 8 Labor-Management Relations Early History Basic legal rule in the laissez-faire time of government was “employment at will”, an employee could quit his or her job for any reason and an employer could fire an employee for any reason. Growth of the railroad played a major role in the shift of the American economy and so the first unions were railroad workers. Original labor unions were founded more on political/ideological basis and employers fought them As 20 th century began unions took a different track and started being more about workers rights rather than politics Samuel Gompers was elected president of the AFL (skilled workers) who was focused on winning its members increased benefits and wages. AFL involved in business unionism rather than social unionism Gompers and others played a major role in the passing of the Clayton Antitrust Act which excluded Unions from antitrust laws. Many employers got employees to sign “yellow dog contracts” where an employee agreed not to join a union in order to get the job The Great Depression and the New Deal Great Depression resulted in 30% structural unemployment in the U.S. If employees were to have any rights then they needed to unionize. FDR and the new deal administration passed a series of legislation to help this First key law passed was the Norris-La Guardia Act of 1932, which outlawed yellow dog contracts, made it much more difficult for employers to get court orders or injunctions to stop
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union activities, and overall helped labor unions. It did not directly sanction development of labor unions. Wagner Act of 1935 (NLRA) o Made labor unions lawful in the U.S. and adopted a governmental policy of encouraging workers to join them and engage in collective bargaining. Majorly PRO UNION.
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