Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - Mental direct and mediated images The...

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Mental, direct, and mediated images The Visual Process o Sensing Letting enough light enter your eyes so that you can see objects immediately around you o Selecting To focus and look at a specific part of a scene within the enormous frame of possibilities that sensing offers o Perceiving
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The most important stage of the visual process Making sense of what you “select” Sensing without selecting will often lead to mistakes in perceiving Optical illusions: Eyes and mind can be easily fooled Powerful attention-getters used by advertisers and artists Two major classes: o (1) Physiological Rely on the physical way our eyes are constructed and are called grid or simultaneous contrast Grid: Black dots appear and disappear in the intersection of a grid of black boxes made from white lines in a grid illusion that relies on the stimulation and relaxation of photosensitive cells in the eyes’ retinas Used by: o Volkswagen Golf automobile “Now you see it. Now you don’t” o Clearasil Acne medication “As soon as a black spot appears, use Clearasil.” Contrast: The brain’s tendency for colors to remain the same despite varying lighting conditions makes a horizontal gray line appear to have different tones depending on its background
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American inventor, Edwin Land, used the word “retinex” to describe the phenomenon that he thought was a combination of the retina and the visual cortex in the back of the brain (2) Cognitive Unconscious interferences our minds make while looking at objects The brain cannot see 2 images at once – you must make a conscious decision (whether to see old woman or young woman) (1) ambiguous Only seen through conscious effort by the viewer (2) distorting (as seen on café in Bristol, England by a student of Richard Gregory) (3) paradox Create impossible objects in the mind of the viewers Gestalt theory: o The brain tries to make sense of confusing objects by organizing them the most efficient way it can Aldous Huxley o Author of Brave New World , The Art of Seeing , et al o Degenerative eye condition ( keratitis punctata ) Blind in one eye, nearly blind in the other o Art of Seeing Seeing clearly is mostly the result of thinking clearly Sensing + selecting + perceiving = seeing o “The more you know, the more you see.”
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“Creature Comforts” (short film) o Created by Nick Park o Won his first Academy Award with “Creature Comforts” o Featured the voices of the British public "spoken" by the animals Most of the dialogue came from interviews in housing projects or retirement homes It’s a commentary on institutional living arrangements (rest homes, prisons, school dorms, military housing, and a parent’s or guardian’s home) o The conclusion that can be made by the movie is that a person living under such regulated conditions should have their individual needs respected o
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