Nomenclature Guide


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Unformatted text preview: dioxide Carbontetrachloride Naming Salts Saltsareneutral&madeofions Name: (Cation) (anion) (prefix) hydrate(If#=0hydrateisomitted) Formula: (Cation)m (Anion)n (#) H2O (If#=0H2Oisomitted) Cationsontheleft,anionsontheright,chargemustcancel Multiplesofpolyatomicionsrequireparenthesis Watersofhydration(usetabletoright) # of Water 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Examples StrontiumChloride=StrontiumionsandChlorideions=Sr+2andCl ­=SrCl2 AmmoniumSulfate=AmmoniumionsandSulfateions=NH4+andSO42 ­=(NH4)2SO4 CalciumPhosphate=CalciumionsandPhosphateions=Ca2+andPO43 ­=Ca3(PO4)2 Copper(II)sulfatepentahydrate=CuSO4 5H2O  Prefix Mono Di Tri Tetra Penta Hexa Hepta Octa Nona Deca Periodic Table Showing Common Ion Group Trends  H+ Main Group Metals Main Group # = Charge  1A Nonmetals 8 Group # 2A L i+ Be2+ Na+ Mg2+ K+  7A 8A H He 3A Early Transition Group # Iron Group +2, +3 Zinc Group +2 4A 5A 6A B C N3 O2 F Ne Al3+ Si P3 S2 Cl Ar 3B 4B 5B 6B 7B 8B 9B 10B 11B 12B Ca2+ Sc3+ Ti4+ V5+ Cr2+ Cr3+ Mn2+ Mn3+ Fe2+ Fe3+ Co2+ Co3+ Ni2+ Ni3+ Cu1+ Cu2+ Zn2+ Ga3+ Ge As3 Se2 Br Kr Rb+ Sr2+ Y3+ Zr4+ Nb5+ Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag1+ Cd2+ In1+ In3+ Sn2+ Sn4+ Sb3+ Sb5+ Te2 I Xe Cs+ Ba2+ La Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt A...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course KJB jb taught by Professor H during the Spring '11 term at Johns Hopkins.

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