CLST Notes 2010

CLST Notes 2010 - CLST 105-001 May 17, 2010 The Olympians:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: CLST 105-001 May 17, 2010 The Olympians: Terms to know: Zeus Cult names/epithets (Different forms of Zeus) Zeus Xenios - hospitality and guest/friendship protector of travellers and strangers Zeus Ombrios - bringer of pain Zeus Ktesios - protector of possessions Zeus Olympios - god of the Olympian games sacriFces for speciFc things had to be made to the corresponding version of Zeus, otherwise it was pointless (i.e. a sacriFce for Ombrios, if you want friendship, will not help at all) patriarchy - culture rules by men (but female god still have some important positions of power) (a)etiological myths Zeus s lovers: Io --> Epaphus Danae --> Perseus Europa --> Minos, Rhadamanthys Leda --> Helen, Castor and Pollux Ganymede Mnemosyne --> Muses Themis --> the Three ates (Moiria), Horae, Eunomia, Dike (Justice) (need to know difference between Titans and Olympians) looking at Gods who are worshiped in the Bronze Age Linear B (tablets include names of Olympian Gods) Clear culture continuity, despite change in language and writing Olympian Gods: Zeus (would be asked question of wisdom, mostly concerning the games) Hera (not a lot of mythology) Poseidon (god of horses and earthquakes) Demeter (fertility) Hades (not same as Pluton) Hestia (has least, almost non-existent, mythology) Aphrodite (fertility) Ares (brute force of war) (Hera and Zeus) Apollo (twin sister of Artemis) (also of sickness and plague) Artemis (twin of Apollo) (virgin, menstruation; from girl to woman) Athena (weaving, female crafts) *Dionysus (fertility) (born from mortal) *Hermes (born from a nymph) Hephaestus (the son of Zeus and Hera; or only Hera) Persephone (consort of Hades; wife) *Asclepius (medicine and healing) *Heracles (Hercules) most sources come from Athens cultural boom there in classical period (athenocentric) even the architecture we see mostly come from Athens (from view point) Spartans didn t leave a lot of architecture and written mythological history most greek cities have an Acropolis, which is the highest point in the city there is a frieze in temple,which is being reconstructed after the Persians sack Athens, in which we see 12 of the Olympians: Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysus (Bacchus), Hephaestus, Hera, Hermes, Poseidon, and Zeus (Jove) Zeus is born in Crete, in a cave on Mount Ida to hide presence from Cronus, there were tambourines and what not Zeus marked by image of carrying a Thunderbolt Hermes is usually wearing a traveller s hat Athena wears armor being a woman Hera is just associated with Zeus, wearing a kind of crown, to depict nobility Hephaestus is a working class god, ugly and a loser, presumably (see 2 events in Zeus rise to power in written notes) no stories of gods dying, because usually considered immortal and long-lived...
View Full Document

Page1 / 21

CLST Notes 2010 - CLST 105-001 May 17, 2010 The Olympians:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online