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Unformatted text preview: CLST 105-001 May 17, 2010 The Olympians: Terms to know: Zeus Cult names/epithets (Different forms of Zeus) Zeus Xenios - hospitality and guest/friendship protector of travellers and strangers Zeus Ombrios - bringer of pain Zeus Ktesios - protector of possessions Zeus Olympios - god of the Olympian games sacriFces for speciFc things had to be made to the corresponding version of Zeus, otherwise it was pointless (i.e. a sacriFce for Ombrios, if you want friendship, will not help at all) patriarchy - culture rules by men (but female god still have some important positions of power) (a)etiological myths Zeus s lovers: Io --> Epaphus Danae --> Perseus Europa --> Minos, Rhadamanthys Leda --> Helen, Castor and Pollux Ganymede Mnemosyne --> Muses Themis --> the Three ates (Moiria), Horae, Eunomia, Dike (Justice) (need to know difference between Titans and Olympians) looking at Gods who are worshiped in the Bronze Age Linear B (tablets include names of Olympian Gods) Clear culture continuity, despite change in language and writing Olympian Gods: Zeus (would be asked question of wisdom, mostly concerning the games) Hera (not a lot of mythology) Poseidon (god of horses and earthquakes) Demeter (fertility) Hades (not same as Pluton) Hestia (has least, almost non-existent, mythology) Aphrodite (fertility) Ares (brute force of war) (Hera and Zeus) Apollo (twin sister of Artemis) (also of sickness and plague) Artemis (twin of Apollo) (virgin, menstruation; from girl to woman) Athena (weaving, female crafts) *Dionysus (fertility) (born from mortal) *Hermes (born from a nymph) Hephaestus (the son of Zeus and Hera; or only Hera) Persephone (consort of Hades; wife) *Asclepius (medicine and healing) *Heracles (Hercules) most sources come from Athens cultural boom there in classical period (athenocentric) even the architecture we see mostly come from Athens (from view point) Spartans didn t leave a lot of architecture and written mythological history most greek cities have an Acropolis, which is the highest point in the city there is a frieze in temple,which is being reconstructed after the Persians sack Athens, in which we see 12 of the Olympians: Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysus (Bacchus), Hephaestus, Hera, Hermes, Poseidon, and Zeus (Jove) Zeus is born in Crete, in a cave on Mount Ida to hide presence from Cronus, there were tambourines and what not Zeus marked by image of carrying a Thunderbolt Hermes is usually wearing a traveller s hat Athena wears armor being a woman Hera is just associated with Zeus, wearing a kind of crown, to depict nobility Hephaestus is a working class god, ugly and a loser, presumably (see 2 events in Zeus rise to power in written notes) no stories of gods dying, because usually considered immortal and long-lived...
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