Psychological-Disorders and Therapy

Psychological-Disorders and Therapy - Psychological...

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Psychological Disorders ADHD/ADD – Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder Autism spectrum o Classical autism – disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior o Asperger syndrome – significant difficulties in social interaction, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests o Pervasive Developmental Disorder – atypical, severe autism o Rett syndrome – complete lack of verbal skills and mobility, seizures, repetitive tick-like gestures o Childhood Disintegrative Disorder – late onset of developmental delays in language, social function, and motor skills Anxiety Disorders o Generalized Anxiety Disorder – feeling persistently and uncontrollably tense and uneasy with no real causation o Panic Disorder – anxiety that escalates into periodic episodes of intense dread o Phobias – irrational fear of a specific object or situation Fear of spiders, Fear of snakes, Fear of heights, Fear of stressful situations, Fear of dogs o Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – persistent and repetitive thoughts and actions, often motivated by fear Checkers, Washers/cleaners, Orderers, Obsessionals, Hoarders o Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – when a past trauma causes memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and sleep problems Dissociative Disorders o Dissociative amnesia – occurs when a person blocks out certain information, usually associated with a stressful or traumatic event, leaving him or her unable to remember important personal information o Dissociative fugue – suddenly efforts to abandon a past life/identity, usually due to trauma/ severe stress; show signs of amnesia and have no conscious reason for leaving o Depersonalization – loss of self-awareness/identity; feeling that one doesn’t have control over his/her actions o Dissociative Identity Disorder – a controversial diagnosis where patients seem to have sets of multiple identities/ personalities Mood Disorders o – person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the hyperactive, wildly optimistic, impulsive phase of mania (I is more severe) o Manic episode
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Psychological-Disorders and Therapy - Psychological...

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