unit 8 - ISE 388: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN PRODUCT...

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ISE 388: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (UNIT_8) 8 - 1 Green Manufacturing – Trends and Future Developments Increasing strict legislative requirements in relation to environmental protection, such as the EU’s Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), Directive on Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHs) and the Directive on Energy using Products (EuPs), have raised concerns among trading and manufacturing community. This is because these legislations (also called as “green” legislations) will affect the market of access of relevant products to certain markets, such as EU, US and Japan. There are also similar regulatory developments in other countries like China, Australia etc. All of these developments are compelling exporters to make their products green (environmentally friendly). 1.0 Environmental Legislations - Global Status European Union’s Directives Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) - require manufacturers to take responsibility for disposal, recycling and/or reuse of their products at end of life. Effective implementation date August 13, 2005. Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) - ban or severely curtail the use of certain materials. Effective implementation date July 01, 2006. Energy using Products (EuPs) - requires manufacturers to take measures to improve environmental performance of their products. The directive emphasizes the need of considering environmental issues in the early stages of product design and development. Effective implementation date August 11, 2007. Table 1 provides an overview of the environmental regulations introduced by different countries.
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ISE 388: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (UNIT_8) 8 - 2 US - Battery Act - State electronic waste legislations - Federal Energy Efficiency Law - California Cell Phone Recycling Act EU - WEEE/RoHS/EuP Directive - Battery Directives and Battery Marking Directive - Directive on Energy Efficiency Requirements for Ballasts for Fluorescent Lighting - Directive on Energy Efficiency Requirements for Household Electric Refrigerators, Freezers and Combination Thereof - Directive on Airborne Noise Emitted by Household Appliances - Directive on Energy Efficiency Requirements for Ballasts for Fluorescent Lighting - Packaging Directive - Law on Ecotaxes (Belgium) - Energy Labeling Directive - Nickel Directive - Azodye Directive China Planning legislation: - Regulations on Recycling and Disposal of Waste and Used Household Electrical Appliance (expected to take effect in 2007) - Management Methods on Prevention and Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products (expected to take effect in 2006) Japan - Revised Recycling Law - Energy Conservation Law - Home Appliance Recycling Law - Containers and Packaging Recycling Law - Law for the Control of Household Products Containing Harmful Substances Worldwide Likely to follow Table 1: Environmental Legislations – Global Status 2.0
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unit 8 - ISE 388: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN PRODUCT...

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