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ISE 388: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (UNIT_9) 9 – 1 GREEN MANUFACTURING – IMPACT ON THE INDUSTRY The need for effective environmental management requires a complete and holistic transformation of traditional cradle-to-grave manufacturing approach into closed-loop green manufacturing. The best eco-designed concepts can only be realized if all characters in the manufacturing supply chain play their role actively to achieve the common goal of green society. The following factors need to be considered to secure green manufacturing environment. A. Managerial Responsibilities 1. Corporate Commitment A strong management commitment is the vital starting point for green success. A company’s green policy must be visibly led by the senior management and deployed convincingly down the line. It is the responsibility of senior management to provide for necessary means, resources, capacity and guidance if the green projects are to be properly completed. 2. Compliance with Mandatory Requirements Before proceeding to delivering the policy for green innovation and improvements, compliance requirements, including legislation and company regulations, are needed to be secured. Such requirements should be thoroughly scrutinized to avoid any back-fire from non-compliance. The compliance requirements may include the following areas to be considered: Governments labour, employment conditions health, safety & environmental rules permits Own mandatory rules (derived from present or future legislation) chemical content energy consumption materials application packaging recyclability processes at supplier Environmental certificate for all purchased materials, components, subassemblies and sets
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ISE 388: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (UNIT_9) 9 – 2 Banned hazardous substances Cd and cadmium compounds Polychloro bi- and triphenyls (PCB) Polybromated biphenyl (ethers) Halogenated hydrocarbons (CFCs) Asbestos Packaging? no PVC, no CFC in foamed plastic, no heavy metals in printing inks Return / Reuse policy Recycling provisions Marking and labeling all plastic parts > 50 g (material identification) all packaging parts > 50 g (recyclability) disposal symbols (when required) Customer information stand-by power end-of-life of packaging/product Batteries marking and disposal 3. Formulation of environmental policy A detailed environmental policy of the company should be established. The policy may include - current green standards and achievements -
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