unit 13 - EU Green Regulations WEEE Directive Implementing...

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1 UNIT_13 1 EU Green Regulations EU Green Regulations WEEE Directive WEEE Directive UNIT_13 2 WEEE Directive WEEE Directive Collection Sorting Reprocessing
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2 UNIT_13 3 WEEE Directive WEEE Directive Collection Local authorities provide sites for household rubbish (e.g. paper, glass) collection. These can be dedicated household waste recycling Centers or facilities at convenient places such supermarkets, car parks etc. Deposit Systems Paid by the customer Refunded to the customer when the item is properly returned Examples: Glass bottles Buyback Centers Paid for the material based on its weight and the current value of recycled metals Example: Aluminum cans, papers Drop-off Facilities Designated collection centers No monetary reward for consumers Curbside Collection Very common practice Separate collection bins for recyclable materials UNIT_13 4 WEEE Directive WEEE Directive Sorting Sorting The sorting of the collected items usually takes place at a ‘Materials Recycling Facility (MRF). 1. Sorting of waste at source 2. Sorting of waste in a Recycling Sorting Line (RSL) Or at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF)
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3 UNIT_13 5 WEEE Directive WEEE Directive Sorting Technologies Sorting Technologies Magnetic sorting Ferrous metals like iron or steel can be sorted from other materials using a magnet Trommel sorting A large rotating cylinder that sorts by size. The bulk of the containers (glass, plastic and aluminum) fall through the trommel holes whereas the bulk of the paper travels through the trommel. Screen sorting A vibrating screen works like a sieve, removing fine pieces of waste. Air classifier Materials move over an air classifier, that separates the lightweight materials like aluminum cans and plastic bottles from the heavier glass materials. UNIT_13 6 WEEE Directive WEEE Directive Sorting Technologies Sedimentation Separates solids from liquid by gravity Electrostatic sorting To clean some raw materials, solids are fed into a rotating drum that is electrically charged. Particles with opposite charge are attached to the electrically charged drum and scraped away. Eddy current separator Create an electric current in aluminum materials that propels the aluminum away from other materials. Manual sorting Necessary to improve the sorting performance in each method or combination of them Others Infrared X-ray, Flotation, 3-D imaging
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4 UNIT_13 7 WEEE Directive WEEE Directive Reprocessing Reprocessing Sorted materials are sent to ‘re- processors’ who prepare them for use in the manufacture of new products. UNIT_13
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unit 13 - EU Green Regulations WEEE Directive Implementing...

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