02 Chapter 2 Synopsis

02 Chapter 2 Synopsis - Chapter 2 Foundations of Individual...

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Chapter 2 – Foundations of Individual Behavior Contributions to individual behavior are subdivided into values, attitudes, perception, and learning*. *p.17 the definitions of values - certain conduct/ results that are personally or socially preferable to the opposing conduct/results. Values basically consist of an individual’s way of believing what is right, good, or desirable. Value systems represent how these individuals prioritize their values. p. 18-20 Value typologies Rokeach Value Survey – see Exhibit 2-1 Terminal values- desirable end-states of existence, what you want to achieve Ex. – a comfortable life (a prosperous life) Instrumental values - preferable modes of behaviors, how you go about achieving terminal values Ex. – ambitious (hardworking, aspiring) p. 19-20 Contemporary Work Cohorts Different generations have unique work values. These generations are divided into four groups. Knowing the differences between these groups is a valuable aid to explaining and predicting behavior. – see Exhibit 2-2 1) Veteran - 1950s or early 1960s- Hardworking, conservative, conforming; loyalty to the organization 2) Boomers - 1965-1985- Success, achievement, ambition, dislike of authority; loyalty to career 3) Xers - 1985-2000- Work/life balance, team-oriented, dislike of rules; loyalty to relationships 4) Nexters -2000-present- Confident, financial success, self-reliant, but team-oriented; loyalty to both self and relationships p. 21-23 Values Across Cultures Hofstede’s Framework has 5 different dimensions p.21 1) Power distance - degree to which people in a country accept that power in institutions and organization is distributed unequally. 2) Individualism Verses collectivism - individualism is the degree to which people in a country prefer to act as individuals rather than as members of groups. 3) Achievement verses nurturing- the degree to which an individual perceives importance of achievement and the success it brings or to relationships and others welfare. 4) Uncertainty avoidance - degree to which they prefer structured or unstructured situations. 5)
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course ORG B 221 taught by Professor Gordonmills during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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02 Chapter 2 Synopsis - Chapter 2 Foundations of Individual...

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