03 Chapter 3 Synopsis

03 Chapter 3 Synopsis - Chapter 3 Personality and Emotions...

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Chapter 3 – Personality and Emotions p. 34 Personality : the combination of psychological traits used to classify a person. p. 35 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI): The most widely used personality assessment instrument in the world. It is made up of 100 questions and classifies you on the following qualities: Extroverted vs. Introverted (E or I) Sensing vs. Intuitive (S or N) Thinking vs. Feeling (T or F) Judging vs. Perceiving (P or J) These classifications are then combined into sixteen personality types. p. 35-36 Big-Five Model : a five-factor model of personality. The five factors include: Extroversion : This dimension captures one’s level with relationships. Extroverts tend to be gregarious, assertive, and sociable. Introverts tend to be reserved, timid, and quiet. Agreeableness: This dimension refers to an individual’s propensity to defer to others. Highly agreeable people are cooperative, warm, and trusting. Those who score low on this dimension are easily distracted, disorganized, and unreliable. Conscientiousness: This dimension is a measure of reliability. A highly conscientious person is responsible, organized, dependable, and persistent. Those who score low on this dimension are easily distracted, disorganized, and unreliable. Emotional stability : This dimension taps a person’s ability to withstand stress. People with positive emotional stability tend to be calm, self-confident, and secure. Those with highly negative scores tend to be nervous, anxious, depressed, and insecure. Openness to experience : The final dimension addresses an individual’s range of interests and fascination with novelty. Extremely open people are creative, curious, and artistically sensitive. Those at the other end of the openness category are conventional and find comfort in the familiar. p. 36-38 Other Key Personality Attributes Locus of Control – Internal – believes they control there own fate, External – life is controlled by outside influence Machiavellianism - An individual with high Mach tendencies is manipulative, maintains emotional distance ,and believes that ends can justify means Self-esteem - High self-esteem believes they have the ability to succeed. Low self-esteem relies on outside approval.
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03 Chapter 3 Synopsis - Chapter 3 Personality and Emotions...

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