Introduction to the History and Science of Psychology

Introduction to the History and Science of Psychology -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Introduction to the H istory and Science of Psychology Module 1 What is Psychology? Psychology as a Science From the beginning to the 1920s the science of mental life Wilhelm Wundt, Edward Brad Titchner, William James, Sigmund Freud 1920s to 1960s the scientific study of observable behavior John B. Watson, B. F. Skinner TODAY the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychology of Today The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Scientific study: experimental analysis Behavior: anything an organism does that we can observe and record E.g., eating, sleeping, playing, sweating, talking Mental processes: internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior E.g., sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts Contemporary Psychology Psychologys Big Debate Nature versus Nurture Nature vs. Nurture- Darwin states that nature selects those traits that best enable the organism to survive and reproduce in nature Scenario: The nature-only side states that personalities are influenced by genetic factors and remain consistent across the life span. The nurture-only side states that we are all essentially the same at birth, and we are the product of our experiences Experiences makes us who we are Anything is possible Psychologys Three Main Levels of Analysis: Bio-psychosocial Approach Who are Psychologists? Clinical Psychology vs. Psychiat ry Clinical Psychologists (Ph.D.): study, assess, and t reat t roubled people with psychotherapy. Psychiat rists (M.D.): medical professionals who use t reatments like drugs and psychotherapy to t reat psychologically diseased patients. Medical psychologists (M.P.): clinical psychologists who have earned their masters degree in psychopharmacology and can prescribe psychot ropic medications Research Psychologists Applied Psychologists Thinking Crit ically with Psychological Science Module 2 The lim its of intuit ion & common sense Remember, psychology is the scient ific study of behavioral and mental processes In other words, psychology evaluates ideas through observation and experimental analysis HOW DOES PSYCHOLOGY COMPARE AGAINST COM MON SENSE? The Need for Psychological Research Fallibility of intuition Hindsight Bias is a tendency to believe, after learning about an outcome, that we would have foreseen it (also know as the Judgmental Overconfidence- Illusory Correlation The Scientific Attitude Curiosity, Skepticism, Hum ility Crit ical Thinking The hindsight bias is a tendency to believe, after learning about an outcome, that we...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course PYSC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

Page1 / 9

Introduction to the History and Science of Psychology -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online