Psychology Study Guide 1
SQ3R- Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review
Structuralism- an approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience
can be broken down into its basic underlying components or elements.
emphasis on cause and effect relations, prediction and control.
James developed theories of perception consciousness emotion
Advocated method of
Idealism—knowledge comes from innate
concepts and ideas
“An Essay Toward a New Theory of Vision”
Immaterialism: Nothing exists outside of our perceptions and thoughts
(anticipates a mindful view of knowledge).
Psychophysics: Views the mind as a
mechanical device for sensation.
Analyzed efficiency of mind as sensory device
Measured sensitivity of visual system
Developed mathematical models of sensation
Locke- Associationism: learning is through Aristotle’s view of
contiguity, similarity, contrast
Thomas Hobble- Materialism: everything is reducible to matter, material/ physical
forces (related to “reductionism”)
J.S. Mill- suggested that associations can be more than sum of parts, a mental
chemistry (Nurture not nature)
Psychology is the study of the mind, brain, and behavior. It is how we perceive,
think, feel, learn, and interact with others.
studies the relationship between internal and
external systems and how they affect behavior in living things.
Sensation and Perception- Sensation refers to the process of sensing our
environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. This
information is sent to our brains in raw form where perception comes into
play. Perception is the way we interpret these sensations and therefore
make sense of everything around us.
Cognitive Psychology- discipline within psychology that investigates the
internal mental processes of thought such as visual processing, memory,
problem solving, and language
Motivation & Emotion- study of goal-directed behavior; mood,
temperament, personality, and disposition; 'Cognitive' versus 'non-