Psychology Study Guide Midterm 1 - Psychology Study Guide 1...

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Psychology Study Guide 1 SQ3R- Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review Structuralism- an approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components or elements. William James- Wrote Principles of Psychology in 1889. Functionalism: emphasis on cause and effect relations, prediction and control. James developed theories of perception consciousness emotion Advocated method of behavioral observation George Berkeley- Idealism—knowledge comes from innate concepts and ideas “An Essay Toward a New Theory of Vision” (1709) Immaterialism: Nothing exists outside of our perceptions and thoughts (anticipates a mindful view of knowledge). Psychophysics- Psychophysics: Views the mind as a mechanical device for sensation. Analyzed efficiency of mind as sensory device Measured sensitivity of visual system Developed mathematical models of sensation British Empiricists- Locke- Associationism: learning is through Aristotle’s view of associations: contiguity, similarity, contrast Thomas Hobble- Materialism: everything is reducible to matter, material/ physical forces (related to “reductionism”) J.S. Mill- suggested that associations can be more than sum of parts, a mental chemistry (Nurture not nature) 1. Psychology is the study of the mind, brain, and behavior. It is how we perceive, think, feel, learn, and interact with others. a. Biological Psychology- studies the relationship between internal and external systems and how they affect behavior in living things. b. Sensation and Perception- Sensation refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. This information is sent to our brains in raw form where perception comes into play. Perception is the way we interpret these sensations and therefore make sense of everything around us. c. Cognitive Psychology- discipline within psychology that investigates the internal mental processes of thought such as visual processing, memory, problem solving, and language d. Motivation & Emotion- study of goal-directed behavior; mood, temperament, personality, and disposition; 'Cognitive' versus 'non-
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cognitive' emotions; Instinctual emotions (from the amygdala), versus cognitive emotions (from the prefrontal cortex) e. Personality- the theory and study of personality types, personality traits and individual differences f. Psychopathology- either the study of mental illness or mental distress, or the manifestation of behaviors and experiences which may be indicative of mental illness or psychological impairment, such as abnormal, maladaptive behavior or mental activity g. Psychotherapy- personal counseling with a psychotherapist, is an intentional interpersonal relationship used by trained psychotherapists to aid a client or patient in problems of living h. Social Psychology- study of the relations between people and groups i. Developmental Psychology- scientific study of systematic psychological
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Arthurshimamura during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psychology Study Guide Midterm 1 - Psychology Study Guide 1...

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