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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 130: Social Inequalities Final Exam Guide The final will consist of 10 true and false questions and 10 multiple choice questions that will test your knowledge of the following terms and concepts. Each will be worth 5 points. term author/ theorist definition/ key points social inequality present when members of society have different amounts of valued resources social stratification refers to the hierarchically organized or structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates social inequality functionalist perspective Davis and Moore positions which reap greatest rewards 1. have the greatest importance for society 2. requires the greatest training and or talent overall: stratification systems serve a positive integrative function in society : its about motivation conflict perspective Marx Competition for scarce resources; How the elite control the poor and weak dysfunctions of stratification systems 1. Social stratification systems function to limit the possibility of discovery of the full range of talent available in a society. 2. In foreshortening the range of available talent, social stratification systems function to set limits upon the possibility of expanding the productive resources of the society, at least relative to what might be the case under conditions of greater equality of opportunity. 3. Social stratification systems function to provide the elite with the political power necessary to procure acceptance and dominance of an ideology which rationalizes the status quo, whatever it may be, as "logical," "natural" and "morally right." In this manner, social stratification systems function as essentially conservative influences in the societies in which they are found. 4. Social stratification systems function to distribute favorable self-images unequally throughout a population. To the extent that such favorable self- images are requisite to the development of inherent creative potential, to that extent stratification systems function to limit the development of this creative potential. 5. To the extent that inequalities in social rewards cannot be made fully acceptable to the less privileged in a society, social stratification systems function to encourage hostility, suspicion and distrust among the various segments of a society and thus to limit the possibilities of extensive social integration....
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 130 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '10 term at Berkeley.
- Fall '10