Sociology 130 Completed study guide

Sociology 130 Completed study guide -...

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Sociology 130: Social Inequalities Final Exam Guide The final will consist of 10 true and false questions and 10 multiple choice questions that  will test your knowledge of the following terms and concepts.  Each will be worth 5  points.   term author/  theorist definition/ key points social inequality present when members of society have different  amounts of valued resources social stratification refers to the hierarchically organized or structured  ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates  social inequality functionalist  perspective Davis and  Moore positions which reap greatest rewards 1. have the  greatest importance for society 2. requires the greatest  training and or talent overall: stratification systems serve a positive  integrative function in society : its about motivation conflict perspective Marx Competition for scarce resources; How the elite control the poor and weak dysfunctions of  stratification  systems 1. Social stratification systems function to limit the  possibility of discovery of the full range of talent  available in a society. 2. In foreshortening the range of available talent,  social stratification systems function to set limits  upon the possibility of expanding the productive  resources of the society, at least relative to what  might be the case under conditions of greater  equality of opportunity. 3. Social stratification systems function to provide the  elite with the political power necessary to procure  acceptance and dominance of an ideology which  rationalizes the status quo, whatever it may be, as  "logical," "natural" and "morally right." In this  manner, social stratification systems function as  essentially conservative influences in the societies  in which they are found.
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4. Social stratification systems function to distribute  favorable self-images unequally throughout a  population. To the extent that such favorable self- images are requisite to the development of inherent  creative potential, to that extent stratification  systems function to limit the development of this  creative potential. 5. To the extent that inequalities in social rewards  cannot be made fully acceptable to the less  privileged in a society, social stratification systems  function to encourage hostility, suspicion and  distrust among the various segments of a society  and thus to limit the possibilities of extensive social  integration.
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