1_introduction_gis - WHAT IS GIS WHAT GIS SOME DEFINITIONS...

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WHAT IS GIS WHAT IS GIS
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GIS – SOME DEFINITIONS GIS may include manual systems, however, it usually refers to a computerised database system for capture, storage, retrieval, analysis and display of spatial data (Huxhold, 1991). GIS is capable of assisting the storage, retrieval and manipulation of spatially referenced data such as street address or a census tract (Nedovic-Budic, 1999). GIS is most useful when used to perform data analysis (Lee and Wong, 2001, viii)
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GIS – SOME DEFINITIONS (cont.) GIS – SOME DEFINITIONS (cont.) application acts as a problem solving solution example: water pollution, traffic, land management toolbox emphasize on the generic aspect of GIS in it’s definition always used by vendors to maximize their market share
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The History First developed in North America, particularly the U.S. and Canada in the mid- 1960s Previously been used in natural resources and environmental research
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Period Name of Database/ System Objective/Purpose/Use The relevant body in Charge 1986 Digital Cadastral Database (DCDB) National Topographic Database Management of country’s natural Resources Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia 1990 DOA’s GIS-Based Land Resource Database Land and land use investigation, creation and maintenance of a spatial and attribute database and the storage, processing and management of this information for the purpose of producing land use maps Department of Agriculture 1992 National Infrastructure for Land Information System (NaLIS). Provide timely access to land information, eliminate/reduce duplication of data capture and promote effective data sharing among related agencies. Ministry of Land and Cooperative Development 1992 Penang Geographic Information System (PEGIS) Creation of digital data for all land-related administration Penang Development Corporation 1992 Darul Ehsan GIS (DEGIS) Integrating the diverse datasets through the internet to create an effective, consistent and inexpensive GIS infrastructure The State of Selangor 1993 Sabah GIS for agriculture Digitizing all its land use distribution maps at a scale of 1:25,000 Sabah DOA GIS History in Malaysia
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1994 PEGIS handed over to the Penang Government - same as above - Penang Development Corporation 1994 Computerized Planning Information System Convert all land-related information within the Council Administrative area, into a more efficient and integrated digital Format Melaka City Council 1995 ' AGISWlk ' (stand for Aplikasi GIS Wilayah Lembah Klang). Land use/resource
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course GIS 434 taught by Professor Tretr during the Spring '11 term at Federal University of Technology.

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1_introduction_gis - WHAT IS GIS WHAT GIS SOME DEFINITIONS...

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