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Unformatted text preview: History 5 Lecture 6 • Introduction • The Peasants War The peasants interpreted Luther’s Christian liberty as a truly liberated Christendom Between 70 and 100 thousand peasants were killed when they were fighting the prince’s army • The net effect of the religious conflict is increasing state power • The Holy Roman Empire • The Diet of Speyer Passed a resolution demanding that Lutheranism should cease • Lutherans responded by issuing a protestation saying that the state didn’t have jurisdiction • Protestants banded together in an alliance • The Schmalkadic League – the alliance In the War of the Schmalkadic League, Protestants were disastrously defeated • The Interim – a few minor concessions but required that everybody in the empire needed to be catholic, made other religious practices illegal Proved impossible to enforce • Many people had by now grown up knowing nothing other than protestant • Many people didn’t want to be told what to say • The emperor, Charles V, did not have a police force • There were not enough priests around nor the equipment necessary Opposed in Catholic Germany too • Religious settlement done by the emperor, but too Catholics, the emperor has no religious authority • Pope claimed that the emperor was usurping power Princes don’t like it either • Felt that the emperor was trying to take their authority too A revolt broke out from both protestants and Catholics, Charles V gave up • Charles V abdicated saying that he refused to rule over heretics • Cuis regio, eius religio To each region, their own religion Made princes responsible for their religion in their territory The holy roman empire would never be religiously unified again Brought about by the Peace of Augsburg • This effectively gives the state a lot more power • A form of secularization, the empire losing its religious position • The French Wars of Religion • The emergence of the Huguenots – French protestants John Calvin was an exile Frenchman and was deeply concerned with the religion • Starts sending spies into France, protestant ministers, to start planting protestant churches • Calvinism spreads like wildfire in France Different regions and cities start to have their own local reformations Most of the towns converted to Protestantism except Paris Paris was where the university and the monarchy were located French royal government can either suppress Protestantism or allow some religious tolerance Monarchy [Henry II] decides to crack down initially, burning and executing many people • The Crisis of the French Monarchy There were on and off wars between France and Italy...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course HISTORY 5 taught by Professor Hesse during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '08