History 5 Lecture 7 - History 5 Lecture 7 Introduction The...

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History 5 Lecture 7 Introduction In 1492, two branches of humanity violently came into contact with one another The death of millions of indigenous American peoples The spread of European ideals The result is an interconnected global community Four modes of conquest: biological, military, economic, and spiritual European contact with Asia before Columbus Trans-Asian European trade with Asia had two principle components Through the silk road, an overland a caravan route to China Through the eastern Mediterranean, and more water Heavy cargoes could not be transported because you had to travel over too much land This trade depended on Europe’s Muslim allies in the South and East, allies that were lost later and losing their routes Sub-African European travellers did not really know if it was possible, and how far Africa went Portuguese sailors began mapping the coast, looking for a new route to Asia Eventually successful by Bartolomeu Dias, but it was a very long route The possibility of westward trade The only other route is to sail westwards and sail around the world Columbus did not prove the world was round, it was established before, but the means of measurement were too ancient to mean something
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did not have compasses or effective sails that could cut through the wind to get to open sea technological advancements allowed Columbus though to go West Disappointment Extremely disappointed because they did not find Asia nor did it look like the land had anything of value European leaders were not disappointed, because there was so much new land Dividing up the new world Spanish immediately claimed everything that the new world might be Spanish got the pope to agree Portuguese and Spanish draw a treaty that splits up, however, where Spain gets most of the Americas The rest of the European powers joined in and slowly began exploring the
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