History 5 Lecture 9 - History 5 Lecture 9 Introduction New...

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Unformatted text preview: History 5 Lecture 9 Introduction New science that was about the analytical, dividing the world up into smaller and smaller bits Didnt provide just descriptions of the natural world but also provided ways to control the natural world Experimentation was about control The scientific revolution marked that period where knowledge rather than strength became the focus of authority hunan knowledge and human power meet in one; for where the cause is not known but the effect is produced From Philosophy to experiment Natural philosophy versus mechanical knowledge Natural philosophy is basically science, to look at the natural phenomena created by God Science was something you did in your mind, not outside experimentation People who had knowledge that was based on first hand experience are called mechanics like farmers who know more about animal bodies This is the difference between deductive reasoning and inductive Philosophers were deductive: from general principles to particular facts, through syllogisms (All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is Mortal) Inductive Reasoning: from particular facts to general principles, through observation (My father was mortal, my grandfather was mortal, therefore all men are mortal) Distinctions versus connections Natural philosophy was about making connections between rather than making distinctions, seeing the world holistically Things fall because God determines that thing ought to fall, like Adam and Eve falling from the Garden of Eden...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course HISTORY 5 taught by Professor Hesse during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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History 5 Lecture 9 - History 5 Lecture 9 Introduction New...

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