History 5 Lecture 10

History 5 Lecture 10 - History 5 Lecture 10 Introduction...

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History 5 Lecture 10 Introduction Thomas Hobbes and the idea of the Leviathan The natural state of human beings is a state of war of all against all With the absence of laws, we pursue our own self interests Voluntarily surrendering your freedom to a sovereign A strong binding unified authority can only make peace possible Because without sovereignty, there is nothing but warfare France and Absolutism Civil wars in which the central government almost entirely ceased to exist Cardinal Richelieu objected to Protestants remaining an independent source of authority that the king could not control Engineered the destruction of the last great Protestant fortress in France [La Rochelle] This is not about religious toleration but about getting rid of political power Engineered a new plan to avoid the estate’s general Introduction of entandante system – government salary tax collectors Old system, in which tax collection is privatized, is removed Strips nobility of the power to collect their own taxes, no more syphoning off the top Louis XIV and the consolidation of power in the king Five years old when he came into power Due to rebellion, forced to flee The frand, French nobility revolt This experience of terror seems to have permanently scarred Louis XIV When he became king on his own, he developed absolutism
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Means that he came to regard even powerful advisors as unnecessary and dangerous Declares personal rule, ending the position of a personal advisor Puts instead Jean-Baptiste Colbert Colbert was from a middle class background and had no significant wealth or source of power He was a very competent administrator Protective tariffs on trade, building national infrastructure Louis XIV’s motto “the state is me” Making himself the center of france Declared himself to be the Sun King, taking the symbol of Apollo Louis XIV and Versailles A building of a new royal palace not in paris but in Versailles Ten miles outside of Paris Paris is the enemy because it is the site of parliament and the nobilities mainstays If you go to Versailles, you become a courtier, dependent on the King “domesticated” the nobility through clever means
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History 5 Lecture 10 - History 5 Lecture 10 Introduction...

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