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Unformatted text preview: History 5 Lecture 15 Introduction The condition of the working class The city is disgusting and life is horrible for the working class Freidrich Engels The Conditions of the Working Class in England in 1844 Two reactions: the labor movement and Marxism The two movements are related The labor movement was both an acceptance and rejection of Marxism Origins of the Labor Movement Luddites Machine breaking in England Claimed to be followers of a mythical figure named Ned Ludd Destroy the machines that are taking away the jobs of the people Claimed to be defendants of the people against the factory owners Croppersin charge of the finishing process for cloth to be sold Highly skilled laborers who were among the elite Two new machines were introduced [the gig mill and shearing frame] that made the jobs of croppers redundant Gig mill was an old invention that was not adopted because there was a Parliamentary statute that forbid them because they threatened the livelihoods of cloth worker Croppers did not only destroy machines, also negotiated with owners Gradual introduction, or unemployment benefits, etc. Trying to force customary rights and statutory laws, not just ignorant breaking The destruction is also methodical and calculated Came to an end because Partially successful with negotiations Army troops was sent in to quell the riots New statute that claimed breaking of frames as a capital crime punishable by death Friendly Societies and Trade Unions Benefit [Friendly] Societies had the purpose of providing for those workers who moved away from home to work Contradiction to the forced individualism of the Industrial Revolution Rather than competing, bringing people together to cooperate and help each other Defined by class, by the workers for the workers Slowly become political instruments and slowly become trade unions Trade unions were completely illegal Combination acts declared membership illegal The Peterloo Massacre [August,1819]...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course HISTORY 5 taught by Professor Hesse during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '08