Extra Credit Quiz

Extra Credit Quiz - STAR Prep Extra Credit Quiz 1. 10. 11....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: STAR Prep Extra Credit Quiz 1. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Great Awakening: Religious revival in the American colonies during the 17303 and 1740s. Questioned the authority of “Old Light” preachers and helped set the precedent for colonists to question authority. Stamp Act: A law passed in 1765 by the British Parlament that taxed newspapers, legal documents, and other printed materials. Checks and balances: System in which each of the branches of the federal government can scrutinize the actions of the other branches Marbury vs. Madison: 1803 Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review Monroe Doctrine: Presidential declaration in 1823 which stated that the United States would oppose efforts of any outside power to control a nation in the Western Hemisphere Trail of Tears: Followed the Indian Removal Act- this was the forced movement of Cherokees in 183 8-1 839 to land west of the Mississippi River Abolitionism: Called for the ending of slavery because of moral and ethical arguments Emancipation Proclamation: Presidential decree, effective January 1, 1863, that freed slaves in Confederate— held territory. Reconstruction: Federal government’s effort between 1865-1877 to repair the damage to the South caused by the Civil War and to restore southern states to the Union Freedman’s Bureau: Created in 1865, helped black southemers adjust to freedom by providing necessities — education, and other basic necessities Fourteenth Amendment: Ratified in 1868, this guaranteed all citizens equal protection of the laws. Compromise of 1877: Agreement in which the Democrats agreed to give Rutherford B. Hayes the victory in the presidential election of 1876 and Hayes, in return, agreed to remove the remaining federal troops from southern states Bessemer Process: New technique, patented in 1856, for making stronger steel more efficiently Social Darwinism: Theory that society should do as little as possible to interfere with people’s pursuit of success — survival of the fittest for human beings Sherman Anti Trust Act: Law passed in 1890 that outlawed any combination of companies that restrained trade or commerce. Early attempt to outlaw monopolies. The Homestead Act: 1863 law that offered 160 acres of western land to settlers- resulted in the quick settlement of the west. The Massacre at Wounded Knee: 1890 shooting by army troops of a group of unarmed Sioux. Marked the end of any widespread Native American resistance to the US government. Populist Party: Political group formed in 1892 to advocate a larger money supply and other economic reforms being called for by farmers. Laissez-Faire: A government policy of not interfering in private business. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. The Chinese Exclusion Act: Law passed in 1882 the prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country. Tenements: Crowded apartment buildings with poor standards of sanitation, safety, and comforts. Muckrackers: Journalists who uncover wrongdoing on the part of politicians or corporations. Term created by Theodore Roosevelt. The NAACP: Organization formed in 1910 to advance the cause of African Americans by fighting for equal rights created in part by W.E.B. DuBois, Yellow Journalism: Type of newspaper coverage that emphasized sensational stories of crime and scandal. Used these hyped stories to increase newspaper circulation. Plessey vs. Ferguson: Court case which legalized segregation and, by doing so, established the constitutionality of the rule “separate but equal.” Jim Crow: System of laws that segregated public services by race, beginning in the 1890’s U.S.S. Maine: Was sunk by an explosion in a Cuban harbor in 1898. Newspaper coverage blamed its sinking on the Spanish. 19th Amendment: Gave women suffrage, the right to vote. Ratified in 1920. League of Nations: International organization, formed after World War I, which aimed to promote security and peace for all members. Palmer Raids: During these, the Attorney General rounded up several hundred suspected communists. These were done to ease the ‘fears of Americans’ during the “red scare” of the 1920s. Calvin Coolidge: Person who said, “The business of America is business.” Epitomized laissez-faire policy by cutting back on the govemment’s role in the economy. Harlem Renaissance: African American cultural awakening of the 1920s — blacks made contributions in art, literature and music. Bonus Army: Group of World War I veterans and their families who in 1932 protested in Washington, DC, to receive their pensions early. 100 Days: Period at the start of Franklin Roosevelt’s presidency in 1933, when congress passed many new deal programs. Lend-Lease Act: 1941 law that authorized the president to provide aid to any nation he believed his defense he believed was vital to American security. Allowed US. to send weapons to Britain during the early years of WWII. Yalta Conference: 1945 meeting between Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt in which the leaders discussed plans for the post-war world and Stalin promised to allow free elections in Eastern Europe. The breaking of this promise led in part to the Cold War. Manhattan Project: Secret American program during World War II to develop an atomic bomb. Executive Order 9066: Presidential order that called for the internment of Japanese—Americans who were considered to security risks by military leaders. Containment: American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world. 40. HUAC: Congressional committee that investigated Communist influence in the United States in the 1940’s and 1950’s. 41. Sputnik: First artificial satellite to orbit Earth, launched by the Soviet Union in the 1957. The US. responded by creating NASA and the National Defense Education Act. 42. GI Bill: Law passed in 1944 that helped returning WWII veterans buy homes and pay for college. 43. Brown v. Board of Education: 1954 case in which the Supreme Court outlawed racial segregation in public schools. Reversed Plessey vs. Ferguson. ‘ 44. Cuban Misile Crisis: 1962 crisis that arose between the United States and the Soviet Union over a Soviet attempt to deploy nuclear missile 90 miles off the coast of Florida. 45. Roe v. Wade: 1973 Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion 46. Cesar Chavez: Latino leader from 1962 to his death in 1993; organized the United Farm Workers (UFW) to help migratory farm workers gain better working conditions and higher pay. 47. Ho Chi Minh: Leader of the Communist party in Indochina after WWII: led Vietnamese vs. the French, then North Vietnamese vs. the US in the Vietnam War 48. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: 1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President LBJ ohnson to take any military action he felt necessary in Vietnam 49. Tet Offensive: 1968 attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam. The north lost all battles and had enormous casualties, but the effect was to turn American public opinion against the war 50. Vietnamization: President Nixon’s policy of replacing American military forces with those of South Vietnam in an attempt to lessen the American role in Vietnam. ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course ENGLIS 605 taught by Professor Rutheby during the Spring '11 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 5

Extra Credit Quiz - STAR Prep Extra Credit Quiz 1. 10. 11....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online