11-2 - letters and symbols. These included a variety of...

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Tyler Liebnau The ancient Greek city-state of Corinth was ideally located for trade. The Isthmus of Corinth, a narrow neck of land, controlled overland access to the Peloponnesus and to continental Greece. It also controlled the seaways to the east and west of the Mediterranean. Corinth created a string of colonies as far away as southern Italy and Sicily. City-states minted their own coins for use in trade. These coins are known as “staters.” Corinth was one of the earliest cities in Greece to strike and use such coins—in the 7th century B.C. The backs of her silver staters, the "colts" or "poloi" (in Greek), showed the winged Pegasus. The heads of the coins showed Athena, goddess of wisdom. From about 415 B.C., Corinth minted staters with small
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Unformatted text preview: letters and symbols. These included a variety of weapons, birds, and animals. The purpose of these little symbols is uncertain. Nevertheless, their forms are clear enough to admire. Some figuresdolphins and sea monstersreflect Corinths close relationship with the sea. Other symbols are more direct in their meaning. A coin with Demeter holding a torch honors the earth-goddess of corn and the harvest. Bearing a torch, she is in search of her daughter Persephone, carried away by Hades, ruler of the underworld. So we can see how Corinths coinage carried its culture as it spread through trade. Adapted from www.americanhistory.si.edu/corinth and www.culture.gr...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Vladimir during the Fall '11 term at Central Mich..

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