Chapter 11 summary 6e.pdf - Chapter 11 Acids and Bases Summary 11.1 Acids and Bases acids taste sour may sting and corrode active metals bases taste

Chapter 11 summary 6e.pdf - Chapter 11 Acids and Bases...

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Chapter 11 Acids and Bases Summary 11.1 Acids and Bases: acids taste sour, may sting and corrode active metals; bases taste bitter, feel soapy and slippery. Acids and bases neutralize each other forming salts (and water.) 11.2 Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases Acids Bases Arrhenius Producers of protons H + , in water HCl (aq) à H + (aq) + Cl - (aq) One arrow indicates the completion of the ionization Examples are HCl, HBr, HI, HNO 3 and H 2 SO 4 (strong acids) Producers of hydroxide ions, OH - , in water NaOH (aq) à Na + (aq) + OH - (aq) One arrow indicates the completion of the dissociation. Examples are LiOH, NaOH, and KOH (strong bases) Bronsted- Lowry Include both strong and weak acids Donors of H + , which exists as H 3 O + , hydronium ion, in water H 2 CO 3 + H 2 O ↔ HCO 3 - + H 3 O + A double arrow implies the presence of an equilibrium favoring the reactant. Most acids are weak acids, except for the Arrhenius acids. Include both strong and weak bases Accepters of H + NH 3(g) + H 2 O ↔ NH 4 +- (aq) + OH - (aq) A double arrow indicates the presence of an equilibrium that favors the reactant molecules. Naming acids 1. Aqueous solutions of acids containing anions that end with -ide , such as HCl is called hydro chlor ic acid ; HBr (aq) , HI (aq) and HF (aq) are hydro brom ic acid , hydro iod ic acid , and hydro
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  • Fall '10
  • LingChen
  • pH, Acids, NH3

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