Chapter 3 Homework

# Chapter 3 Homework - Chapter 3 Answers to Questions and...

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Chapter 3: Answers to Questions and Problems 1. a. When P = \$12, R = (\$12)(1) = \$12. When P = \$10, R = (\$10)(2) = \$20. Thus, the price decrease results in an \$8 increase in total revenue, so demand is elastic over this range of prices. b. When P = \$4, R = (\$4)(5) = \$20. When P = \$2, R = (\$2)(6) = \$12. Thus, the price decrease results in an \$8 decrease total revenue, so demand is inelastic over this range of prices. c. Recall that total revenue is maximized at the point where demand is unitary elastic. We also know that marginal revenue is zero at this point. For a linear demand curve, marginal revenue lies halfway between the demand curve and the vertical axis. In this case, marginal revenue is a line starting at a price of \$14 and intersecting the quantity axis at a value of Q = 3.5. Thus, marginal revenue is 0 at 3.5 units, which corresponds to a price of \$7 as shown below. \$0 \$2 \$4 \$6 \$8 \$10 \$12 \$14 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Quantity Price Demand MR Figure 3-1 Managerial Economics and Business Strategy, 7e Page 1

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