The German Political System

The German Political System - The German Political System...

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The German Political System
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The Bonn Republic The “Basic Law” adopted in 1949 established the Federal Republic of Germany A temporary constitution It was amended in 1990 to incorporate East Germany, becoming a permanent constitution
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Five Constitutional Principles Cooperative federalism Weak, indirectly elected head of state Political power concentrated in head of government (chancellor) elected by & responsible to the legislature Powerful, independent judiciary
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Head of Government Federal chancellor (prime minister) Most powerful political figure in Germany Chief executive Elected by the Bundestag Always the leader of the largest party or coalition
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The Cabinet Chancellors appoint & oversee a cabinet of ministers who head government departments There are currently fifteen ministers Cabinet ministers need not be members of the legislature, but most are Chancellors can create or eliminate cabinet posts at will They may also fire ministers at any time Though this could threaten the stability of a coalition government
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Head of State Federal president Almost entirely ceremonial figure who performs symbolic tasks… May formally sign bills into law Must sign treaties Can pardon convicted criminals Can refuse to sign laws they believe to be unconstitutional Formally nominates candidates for chancellor But expected to select head of majority/largest party
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The German Political System - The German Political System...

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