1_The Evolution of Cooperation_Fall2011

1_The Evolution of Cooperation_Fall2011 - Questions of...

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Questions of international Cooperation “Under what conditions will cooperation emerge in a world of egoists without a central authority (anarchy)?” What strategies can states adopt to foster the emergence of cooperation by altering the circumstances they confront? For example, changing payoffs?
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The problem of cooperation Hobbes: Leviathan (1651) Cooperation cannot develop in the absence of a strong government What would the world be like with no sovereign, no ruler, no overarching authority?: “state of nature”
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The State of Nature Anarchy A war of everyone against everyone else There is a “continual fear, and danger of violent death…the life of man [is] solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short
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Leviathan (1651) Fear and insecurity drives man to create the Leviathan to escape the state of nature No one is able to pursue any other type of activity other than guarding themselves and the property until the advent of leviathan
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The Hobbesian Logic of IR “the state of nature” = Anarchy the absence of a central authority ruling over states that are individually sovereign There is no leviathan at the international level, no world government to maintain and ensure order
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The Evolution of Cooperation The Shadow of the Future and Reciprocity
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Robert Axelrod Wrote The Evolution of Cooperation (1984) Used the Prisoner’s Dilemma as a vehicle for examining the necessary conditions for cooperation Helped lay the foundation for the development of institutionalist theory (neoliberalism) in IR
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1_The Evolution of Cooperation_Fall2011 - Questions of...

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