0613 Neo-realism_power and structure

0613 Neo-realism_power and structure - Neo-realism : Power...

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Unformatted text preview: Neo-realism : Power and Structure ITNL 3200 June 13, 2011 I. Realism and its variations Realism I. Classical realism Hans Morgenthau Source of Conflict: States, like human beings, have an innate desire to dominate others (Human nature) Solution: Multi-polar balance of power system I. Realism and its variations Neo-realism (Structural realism) 1. Defensive realism: Kenneth Waltz States seek survival as their goal They do balancing and choose defensive military posture (ex. Retaliatory nuclear force) to achieve the goal. (more optimistic) I. Realism and its variations Man, the State and War (1959) Theory of International Politics (1979) Waltzs theory is Kenneth N. Waltz II. Kenneth Waltz and Defensive Realism Man, the State and War (1959) He Categorized explanations for war according to the level of analysis Identified three different levels of analysis or what he referred to as images 1st image: Individual 2nd image: State 3rd image: International Structure II. Kenneth Waltz and Defensive Realism 1st image: Individual- Political leader decide war and peace. Ex. Hitler - Weak: Too many good statesmen have engaged in wars and too many bad statesmen have maintained peace-Theory based on human nature is not scientific 2nd image: State- The internal structure or organization of states II. Kenneth Waltz and Defensive Realism Waltz tried to create a scientific, parsimonious and systemic theory. -Theory based on human nature is not scientific.-Theory with too many factors (variables) are not parsimonious. Why systemic theory?-The system cannot be explained by elements II. Kenneth Waltz and Defensive Realism How the structure defined in the international politics? 1. Ordering Principles The way system affects individual states 2. The Character of the Units States character 3. The Distribution of Capabilities II. Kenneth Waltz and Defensive Realism 3. The Distribution of Capabilities 1. Ordering Principles 2. The Character of the Units II. Kenneth Waltz and Defensive Realism 1) ORDERING PRINCIPLE : Anarchy Anarchy: the absence of a central government and hierarchy Patterns of unit behavior derive from the...
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0613 Neo-realism_power and structure - Neo-realism : Power...

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