0614 Alliance and Balancing_

0614 Alliance and Balancing_ - ITNL 3200 Alliance and...

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Alliance and Balancing ITNL 3200 June 14, 2011
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning The Origins of Alliances (1987) Taming American Power (2005) Examined whether balancing or bandwagoning was more prevalent Provided an important refinement to neorealist
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning How do states select their alliance partners? : Do the states ally ‘against’ or ‘with’ the principal external threat? Balancing: balancing against the powerful country with other weaker countries (making alliance) Bandwagoning: Joining the powerful country and share the spoils of victory.
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning Which is more dominant tendency? More balancing: Aggressors will face combined opposition. More secure world More bandwagoning: Aggressors will attract additional allies. Security is scarce. Balance of Power theory: Why more Balancing than bandwagoning?
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning Adding ‘Threat’ as an important variable Realists usually considered balancing and bandwagoning in terms of capabilities (power). But Walt found that there are anomalies (cases that cannot be explained sorely with power). He found that states balance against power
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning B C A Balance of Power theory : States do balancing behavior sorely based on power Balance of Threat theory : Countries choose their alliance partners based on power as well as threat. B C A Balance of Power theory : State A will align with C against B (the most powerful country) Anomaly : State A align with B against C even though C is weaker than B. Why?
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning Balance of threat theory States consider “threat” as well as “capability” and balance against threat and capability. ‘Whether the state is powerful or not’ is important but ‘whether it is threatening or not is also important.’ Level of threat will be influenced by
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I. Stephen Walt : Balancing and Bandwagoning Prerequisite for balancing There must be allies available. An effective system of diplomatic
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course INTL 3200 taught by Professor Wilson during the Summer '08 term at UGA.

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0614 Alliance and Balancing_ - ITNL 3200 Alliance and...

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