0615 Constructivism0 - ITNL 3200 June 15, 2011...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Constructivism Ideas, Identities, Norms, and Social Interaction ITNL 3200 June 15, 2011
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Constructivists in IR l Alexander Wendt is the most prominent and well-known constructivist in the field. l Wendt wrote an article Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics ” (1992). l An expanded version of his argument can be found in his book, Social Theory of International Politics (1999)
Background image of page 2
What is Constructivism? l As an analytical approach to studying social relations, constructivism highlights the importance of… l Idea and Identities l Social interaction l Social construction of structure l Norms
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Neo-Realism vs. Neo-liberal Institutionalism: l The debate between neo-realists and neo-liberal institutionalists: the primacy of structure vs. process. l Realists -They emphasize the importance of the Anarchical structure. l Institutionalists -They also recognize the importance of anarchy, but they highlight opportunities for learning through interaction (process). -States are capable of learning about each other’s intentions (information ) through their iterated interactions, especially with their participation in international institutions . -They begin Conditional cooperation and anarchy is escapable.
Background image of page 4
Neo-Realism vs. Neo-liberal Institutionalism: l But both theories have something in common (1) Both theories are materialistic. -Neo-realism is only focused on material power. -Neo-liberal institutionalism is focused on material interest. (2) They accepted the anarchical structure -Neo-realism believes that Anarchical structure dominates IR. -Neo-liberal institutionalism believes that Anarchy is escapable but they didn’t challenge the anarchical structure itself. l Wendt challenged their materialistic perspective and the view on anarchical structure.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Challenge to Neo-realism’s Materialistic view l Neo-realism is materialistic: The distribution of material power (military forces and economic capabilities) defines balances of power between states and explains the behavior of states. l Constructivists argue that the most important aspect of international relations is social, not material. (1) Structures of human association are determined primarily by shared ideas rather than material forces. (2) the identities and interests of purposive actors are constructed by these shared ideas rather than given by nature.
Background image of page 6
Challenge to Neo-realism :Case 1: Nukes in UK vs. NK l Let’s assume that the United Kingdom (UK) has 500 nuclear weapons and North Korea (NK) has 5 nuclear weapons. Which side will be perceived as bigger threat to the US? l In terms of pure military power, Britain’s military forces are far superior to those of North Korea, but the US will have much more concern on NK’s nukes than UK’s. Why?
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course INTL 3200 taught by Professor Wilson during the Summer '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

Page1 / 35

0615 Constructivism0 - ITNL 3200 June 15, 2011...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online