The Weaknesses of Constructivism

The Weaknesses of Constructivism - * Therefore, in some...

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The Weaknesses of Constructivism INTL 3200
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Critiques Some neo-realist scholars are highly critical about constructivist approach, and their critiques are: (1) first of all, neo-realists are skeptical about the importance that constructivists attach to norms – such norms surely exist, but they are routinely disregarded if that is in the interest of powerful states; (2) the major problem that states face in anarchy is a problem that is not sufficiently analyzed by constructivists; it is the problem of uncertainty and the problem of uncertainty is significantly increased by the fact of deception(Copeland, 2000);
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Critiques (3) another critique concerns the constructivist view of change. : According to Mearsheimer (1995), constructivists do not offer a well-defined argument why discourse rise and fall, and Jervis (1998) contends constructivists fail to explain how norms are formed, how identities are shaped, and how interests are defined as they do.
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Unformatted text preview: * Therefore, in some sense, constructivism is not a substantive theory of international politics, but a social theory that makes claims about the nature of social life and social change. Critiques Lack a theory of agency:- According to Hopt ( The Promise of Constructivism in international relations theory , 1998), constructivism is an approach, not a theory; or at most a theory of process. In his view, theories of cultures can not supplant theories of politics, and no casual theory of identity construction exists.- Checkel (1998) argues that without more sustained attention to agency, these scholars will find themselves unable to explain where their powerful social structures (norms) come from in first place and, equally important, why and how they change over time. Without a theory of agents, especially at the domestic level, constrcutivists will not be able to explain in a systematic way how social construction...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course INTL 3200 taught by Professor Wilson during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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The Weaknesses of Constructivism - * Therefore, in some...

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