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Israel and Palestine maps and overview

Israel and Palestine maps and overview - Israel and...

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Israel and Palestine lecture
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CIA 2006
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Israel and Palestine Not religious difference: territory Small area Jewish Israeli claims Palestinian Arab claims
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Zionism Jewish nationalism 1897 Theodor Herzl: “national home for the Jewish people secured by public law” “a land without people for the people without a land”
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Late 1800s: Local Jews traditional, orthodox Not supporters of Zionism Muslim and Christian Arabs 80%
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support from West Several forms of Zionism Labor Zionism: socialism/ nationalism Revisionist Zionism: religious/territory/force Labor Party – more willing to consider territorial compromise Likud Party – oppose territorial compromise
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British Mandate in Palestine strategic importance McMahon Correspondence Balfour Declaration Sykes-Picot Agreement
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After WWI Sykes-Picot Agreement - League of Nations mandates Balfour Declaration a formal part of Britain’s Mandate of Palestine 1921 British severed the desert area east of Jordan River from Palestine mandate Stipulated that Balfour Declaration not apply to Transjordan (this eastern area) British gave it to a son of Sharif Husayn of Arabia
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Arab reactions Angry, Britain’s betrayal Britain supports European Jewish immigration, land purchases, settlement No self-rule Opposed massive immigration because their position threatened 1920s clashes
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1930s Hitler More Jewish immigration Arab revolt of 1936-39 against British Britain responds, fears sabotage of ME oil installations 1937 Peel Commission – recommended eventual partition of Palestine, Arabs repudiated 1939 White Paper rejected partition, promised elections and independence in ten years, limited future Jewish immigration and land purchases Zionists feel betrayed, Arabs also reject it
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1945
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UN Partition Plan 1947 After WWII British turn Palestine over to the UN UN Special Commission issued two
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